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|3i01, resolution 2.15Å ()|
|Ligands:||, , , , , ,|
Native structure of bifunctional carbon monoxide dehydrogenase/acetyl-CoA synthase from Moorella thermoacetica, water-bound C-cluster.
Nickel-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenases (CODHs) reversibly catalyze the oxidation of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide and are of vital importance in the global carbon cycle. The unusual catalytic CODH C-cluster has been crystallographically characterized as either a NiFe<sub>4</sub>S<sub>4</sub> or a NiFe<sub>4</sub>S<sub>5</sub> metal center, the latter containing a fifth, additional sulfide that bridges Ni and a unique Fe site. To determine whether this bridging sulfide is catalytically relevant and to further explore the mechanism of the C-cluster, we obtained crystal structures of the 310 kDa bifunctional CODH/acetyl-CoA synthase complex from <i>Moorella thermoacetica</i> bound both with a substrate H<sub>2</sub>O/OH<sup>-</sup> molecule and a cyanide inhibitor. X-ray diffraction data were collected from native crystals and from identical crystals soaked in a solution containing potassium cyanide. In both structures, the substrate H<sub>2</sub>O/OH<sup>-</sup> molecule exhibits binding to the unique Fe site of the C-cluster. We also observe cyanide binding in a bent conformation to Ni of the C-cluster, adjacent the substrate H<sub>2</sub>O/OH<sup>-</sup> molecule. Importantly, the bridging sulfide is not present in either structure. As these forms of the C-cluster represent the coordination environment immediately before the reaction takes place, our findings do not support a fifth, bridging sulfide playing a catalytic role in the enzyme mechanism. The crystal structures presented here, along with recent structures of CODHs from other organisms, have led us towards a unified mechanism for CO oxidation by the C-cluster, the catalytic center of an environmentally important enzyme.
Crystallographic snapshots of cyanide- and water-bound C-clusters from bifunctional carbon monoxide dehydrogenase/acetyl-CoA synthase., Kung Y, Doukov TI, Seravalli J, Ragsdale SW, Drennan CL, Biochemistry. 2009 Jul 7. PMID:19583207
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.