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3k9x, resolution 1.90Å ()
Ligands: , , ,
Activity: Coagulation factor Xa, with EC number
Related: 3ecn
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


X-ray crystal structure of human fxa in complex with (S)-N-((2-METHYLBENZOFURAN-5-YLAMINO)(2-OXO-1-(2-OXO-2- (PYRROLIDIN-1-YL)ETHYL)AZEPAN-3- YLAMINO)METHYLENE)NICOTINAMIDE

Publication Abstract from PubMed

We report the design and synthesis of a novel class of N,N'-disubstituted aroylguanidine-based lactam derivatives as potent and orally active FXa inhibitors. The structure-activity relationships (SAR) investigation led to the discovery of the nicotinoyl guanidine 22 as a potent FXa inhibitor (FXa IC(50)=4 nM, EC(2xPT)=7 microM). However, the potent CYP3A4 inhibition activity (IC(50)=0.3 microM) of 22 precluded its further development. Detailed analysis of the X-ray crystal structure of compound 22 bound to FXa indicated that the substituent at the 6-position of the nicotinoyl group of 22 would be solvent-exposed, suggesting that efforts to attenuate the unwanted CYP activity could focus at this position without affecting FXa potency significantly. Further SAR studies on the 6-substituted nicotinoyl guanidines resulted in the discovery of 6-(dimethylcarbamoyl) nicotinoyl guanidine 36 (BMS-344577, IC(50)=9 nM, EC(2xPT)=2.5 microM), which was found to be a selective, orally efficacious FXa inhibitor with an excellent in vitro liability profile, favorable pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in animal models.

Aroylguanidine-based factor Xa inhibitors: the discovery of BMS-344577., Shi Y, Li C, O'Connor SP, Zhang J, Shi M, Bisaha SN, Wang Y, Sitkoff D, Pudzianowski AT, Huang C, Klei HE, Kish K, Yanchunas J Jr, Liu EC, Hartl KS, Seiler SM, Steinbacher TE, Schumacher WA, Atwal KS, Stein PD, Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Dec 15;19(24):6882-9. Epub 2009 Oct 23. PMID:19896847

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


[FA10_HUMAN] Defects in F10 are the cause of factor X deficiency (FA10D) [MIM:227600]. A hemorrhagic disease with variable presentation. Affected individuals can manifest prolonged nasal and mucosal hemorrhage, menorrhagia, hematuria, and occasionally hemarthrosis. Some patients do not have clinical bleeding diathesis.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]


[FA10_HUMAN] Factor Xa is a vitamin K-dependent glycoprotein that converts prothrombin to thrombin in the presence of factor Va, calcium and phospholipid during blood clotting.

About this Structure

3k9x is a 4 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also


  • Shi Y, Li C, O'Connor SP, Zhang J, Shi M, Bisaha SN, Wang Y, Sitkoff D, Pudzianowski AT, Huang C, Klei HE, Kish K, Yanchunas J Jr, Liu EC, Hartl KS, Seiler SM, Steinbacher TE, Schumacher WA, Atwal KS, Stein PD. Aroylguanidine-based factor Xa inhibitors: the discovery of BMS-344577. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Dec 15;19(24):6882-9. Epub 2009 Oct 23. PMID:19896847 doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.10.084
  1. Reddy SV, Zhou ZQ, Rao KJ, Scott JP, Watzke H, High KA, Jagadeeswaran P. Molecular characterization of human factor XSan Antonio. Blood. 1989 Oct;74(5):1486-90. PMID:2790181
  2. Watzke HH, Lechner K, Roberts HR, Reddy SV, Welsch DJ, Friedman P, Mahr G, Jagadeeswaran P, Monroe DM, High KA. Molecular defect (Gla+14----Lys) and its functional consequences in a hereditary factor X deficiency (factor X "Vorarlberg"). J Biol Chem. 1990 Jul 15;265(20):11982-9. PMID:1973167
  3. James HL, Girolami A, Fair DS. Molecular defect in coagulation factor XFriuli results from a substitution of serine for proline at position 343. Blood. 1991 Jan 15;77(2):317-23. PMID:1985698
  4. Marchetti G, Castaman G, Pinotti M, Lunghi B, Di Iasio MG, Ruggieri M, Rodeghiero F, Bernardi F. Molecular bases of CRM+ factor X deficiency: a frequent mutation (Ser334Pro) in the catalytic domain and a substitution (Glu102Lys) in the second EGF-like domain. Br J Haematol. 1995 Aug;90(4):910-5. PMID:7669671
  5. Bezeaud A, Miyata T, Helley D, Zeng YZ, Kato H, Aillaud MF, Juhan-Vague I, Guillin MC. Functional consequences of the Ser334-->Pro mutation in a human factor X variant (factor XMarseille). Eur J Biochem. 1995 Nov 15;234(1):140-7. PMID:8529633
  6. Kim DJ, Thompson AR, James HL. Factor XKetchikan: a variant molecule in which Gly replaces a Gla residue at position 14 in the light chain. Hum Genet. 1995 Feb;95(2):212-4. PMID:7860069
  7. Messier TL, Wong CY, Bovill EG, Long GL, Church WR. Factor X Stockton: a mild bleeding diathesis associated with an active site mutation in factor X. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1996 Jan;7(1):5-14. PMID:8845463
  8. Rudolph AE, Mullane MP, Porche-Sorbet R, Tsuda S, Miletich JP. Factor XSt. Louis II. Identification of a glycine substitution at residue 7 and characterization of the recombinant protein. J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 8;271(45):28601-6. PMID:8910490
  9. Zama T, Murata M, Watanabe R, Yokoyama K, Moriki T, Ambo H, Murakami H, Kikuchi M, Ikeda Y. A family with hereditary factor X deficiency with a point mutation Gla32 to Gln in the Gla domain (factor X Tokyo). Br J Haematol. 1999 Sep;106(3):809-11. PMID:10468877
  10. Millar DS, Elliston L, Deex P, Krawczak M, Wacey AI, Reynaud J, Nieuwenhuis HK, Bolton-Maggs P, Mannucci PM, Reverter JC, Cachia P, Pasi KJ, Layton DM, Cooper DN. Molecular analysis of the genotype-phenotype relationship in factor X deficiency. Hum Genet. 2000 Feb;106(2):249-57. PMID:10746568
  11. Forberg E, Huhmann I, Jimenez-Boj E, Watzke HH. The impact of Glu102Lys on the factor X function in a patient with a doubly homozygous factor X deficiency (Gla14Lys and Glu102Lys). Thromb Haemost. 2000 Feb;83(2):234-8. PMID:10739379
  12. Simioni P, Vianello F, Kalafatis M, Barzon L, Ladogana S, Paolucci P, Carotenuto M, Dal Bello F, Palu G, Girolami A. A dysfunctional factor X (factor X San Giovanni Rotondo) present at homozygous and double heterozygous level: identification of a novel microdeletion (delC556) and missense mutation (Lys(408)-->Asn) in the factor X gene. A study of an Italian family. Thromb Res. 2001 Feb 15;101(4):219-30. PMID:11248282
  13. Vianello F, Lombardi AM, Boldrin C, Luni S, Girolami A. A new factor X defect (factor X Padua 3): a compound heterozygous between true deficiency (Gly(380)-->Arg) and an abnormality (Ser(334)-->Pro). Thromb Res. 2001 Nov 15;104(4):257-64. PMID:11728527
  14. Vianello F, Lombardi AM, Bello FD, Palu G, Zanon E, Girolami A. A novel type I factor X variant (factor X Cys350Phe) due to loss of a disulfide bond in the catalytic domain. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2003 Jun;14(4):401-5. PMID:12945883
  15. Isshiki I, Favier R, Moriki T, Uchida T, Ishihara H, Van Dreden P, Murata M, Ikeda Y. Genetic analysis of hereditary factor X deficiency in a French patient of Sri Lankan ancestry: in vitro expression study identified Gly366Ser substitution as the molecular basis of the dysfunctional factor X. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2005 Jan;16(1):9-16. PMID:15650540
  16. Al-Hilali A, Wulff K, Abdel-Razeq H, Saud KA, Al-Gaili F, Herrmann FH. Analysis of the novel factor X gene mutation Glu51Lys in two families with factor X-Riyadh anomaly. Thromb Haemost. 2007 Apr;97(4):542-5. PMID:17393015
  17. Chafa O, Tagzirt M, Tapon-Bretaudiere J, Reghis A, Fischer AM, LeBonniec BF. Characterization of a homozygous Gly11Val mutation in the Gla domain of coagulation factor X. Thromb Res. 2009 May;124(1):144-8. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2008.11.018. Epub 2009, Jan 10. PMID:19135706 doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2008.11.018

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