Crystal structure of peroxisome proliferator-activatedeceptor alpha (PPARalpha) complex with N-3-((2-(4-Chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl)methoxy)benzyl)-N-((4-methylphenoxy)carbonyl)glycine
[PPARA_HUMAN] Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety (By similarity). Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Functions as transcription activator for the ACOX1 and P450 genes. Transactivation activity requires heterodimerization with RXRA and is antagonized by NR2C2.   
Publication Abstract from PubMed
An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in the full length receptor co-transfection assays. Compound 2 has negligible cross-reactivity against a panel of human nuclear hormone receptors including PPARdelta. Compound 2 demonstrated an excellent pharmacological and safety profile in preclinical studies and thus was chosen as a development candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. The X-ray cocrystal structures of the early lead compound 12 and compound 2 in complex with PPARalpha ligand binding domain (LBD) were determined. The role of the crystal structure of compound 12 with PPARalpha in the development of the SAR that ultimately resulted in the discovery of compound 2 is discussed.
Discovery of an oxybenzylglycine based peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha selective agonist 2-((3-((2-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methyloxazol-4-yl)methoxy)benzyl)(methoxycarb onyl)amino)acetic acid (BMS-687453).,Li J, Kennedy LJ, Shi Y, Tao S, Ye XY, Chen SY, Wang Y, Hernandez AS, Wang W, Devasthale PV, Chen S, Lai Z, Zhang H, Wu S, Smirk RA, Bolton SA, Ryono DE, Zhang H, Lim NK, Chen BC, Locke KT, O'Malley KM, Zhang L, Srivastava RA, Miao B, Meyers DS, Monshizadegan H, Search D, Grimm D, Zhang R, Harrity T, Kunselman LK, Cap M, Kadiyala P, Hosagrahara V, Zhang L, Xu C, Li YX, Muckelbauer JK, Chang C, An Y, Krystek SR, Blanar MA, Zahler R, Mukherjee R, Cheng PT, Tino JA J Med Chem. 2010 Apr 8;53(7):2854-64. PMID:20218621
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.