Crystal structure of catalytic domain of tace with benzimidazolyl-thienyl-tartrate based inhibitor
[ADA17_HUMAN] Defects in ADAM17 are a cause of neonatal inflammatory skin and bowel disease (NISBD) [MIM:614328]. NISBD is a disorder characterized by inflammatory features with neonatal onset, involving the skin, hair, and gut. The skin lesions involve perioral and perianal erythema, psoriasiform erythroderma, with flares of erythema, scaling, and widespread pustules. Gastrointestinal symptoms include malabsorptive diarrhea that is exacerbated by intercurrent gastrointestinal infections. The hair is short or broken, and the eyelashes and eyebrows are wiry and disorganized.
[ADA17_HUMAN] Cleaves the membrane-bound precursor of TNF-alpha to its mature soluble form. Responsible for the proteolytical release of soluble JAM3 from endothelial cells surface. Responsible for the proteolytic release of several other cell-surface proteins, including p75 TNF-receptor, interleukin 1 receptor type II, p55 TNF-receptor, transforming growth factor-alpha, L-selectin, growth hormone receptor, MUC1 and the amyloid precursor protein. Also involved in the activation of Notch pathway (By similarity). 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The syntheses and structure-activity relationships of the tartrate-based TACE inhibitors are discussed. The optimization of both the prime and non-prime sites led to compounds with picomolar activity. Several analogs demonstrated good rat pharmacokinetics.
Structure and activity relationships of tartrate-based TACE inhibitors.,Li D, Popovici-Muller J, Belanger DB, Caldwell J, Dai C, David M, Girijavallabhan VM, Lavey BJ, Lee JF, Liu Z, Mazzola R, Rizvi R, Rosner KE, Shankar B, Spitler J, Ting PC, Vaccaro H, Yu W, Zhou G, Zhu Z, Niu X, Sun J, Guo Z, Orth P, Chen S, Kozlowski JA, Lundell DJ, Madison V, McKittrick B, Piwinski JJ, Shih NY, Shipps GW Jr, Siddiqui MA, Strickland CO Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Aug 15;20(16):4812-5. Epub 2010 Jun 25. PMID:20638281
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.