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|3o9m, resolution 2.98Å ()|
|Gene:||BCHE, CHE1 (Homo sapiens)|
|Related:||2pm8, 2p0p, 2wsl|
Co-crystallization studies of full length recombinant BChE with cocaine offers insights into cocaine detoxification
Human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC 22.214.171.124) is a 340 kDa tetrameric glycoprotein that is present in human serum at about 5 mg l(-1) and has well documented therapeutic effects on cocaine toxicity. BChE holds promise as a therapeutic that reduces and finally eliminates the rewarding effects of cocaine, thus weaning an addict from the drug. There have been extensive computational studies of cocaine hydrolysis by BChE. Since there are no reported structures of BChE with cocaine or any of the hydrolysis products, full-length monomeric recombinant wild-type BChE was cocrystallized with cocaine. The refined 3 A resolution structure appears to retain the hydrolysis product benzoic acid in sufficient proximity to form a hydrogen bond to the active-site Ser198.
Cocrystallization studies of full-length recombinant butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with cocaine., Asojo OA, Asojo OA, Ngamelue MN, Homma K, Lockridge O, Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2011 Apr 1;67(Pt, 4):434-7. Epub 2011 Mar 24. PMID:21505234
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[CHLE_HUMAN] Defects in BCHE are the cause of butyrylcholinesterase deficiency (BChE deficiency) [MIM:177400]. BChE deficiency is a metabolic disorder characterized by prolonged apnoea after the use of certain anesthetic drugs, including the muscle relaxants succinylcholine or mivacurium and other ester local anesthetics. The duration of the prolonged apnoea varies significantly depending on the extent of the enzyme deficiency. BChE deficiency is a multifactorial disorder. The hereditary condition is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait.
About this Structure
- Asojo OA, Asojo OA, Ngamelue MN, Homma K, Lockridge O. Cocrystallization studies of full-length recombinant butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with cocaine. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2011 Apr 1;67(Pt, 4):434-7. Epub 2011 Mar 24. PMID:21505234 doi:10.1107/S1744309111004805
- ↑ Chilukuri N, Duysen EG, Parikh K, diTargiani R, Doctor BP, Lockridge O, Saxena A. Adenovirus-transduced human butyrylcholinesterase in mouse blood functions as a bioscavenger of chemical warfare nerve agents. Mol Pharmacol. 2009 Sep;76(3):612-7. doi: 10.1124/mol.109.055665. Epub 2009 Jun, 19. PMID:19542320 doi:10.1124/mol.109.055665
- ↑ Amitay M, Shurki A. The structure of G117H mutant of butyrylcholinesterase: nerve agents scavenger. Proteins. 2009 Nov 1;77(2):370-7. doi: 10.1002/prot.22442. PMID:19452557 doi:10.1002/prot.22442