From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
3sf8, resolution 1.56Å ()
Non-Standard Residues:
Gene: PARK7 (Homo sapiens)

Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Structural insights into thiol stabilization of DJ-1

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Although the precise biochemical function of DJ-1 remains unclear, it has been found to exert cytoprotective activity against oxidative stress. Cys106 is central to this function since it has a distinctly low pK(a) rendering it extremely susceptible for oxidation. This characteristic, however, also poses a severe hindrance to obtain reduced DJ-1 for in vitro investigation. We have developed an approach to produce recombinant human DJ-1 in its reduced form as a bona fide basis for exploring the redox capacities of the protein. We solved the crystal structure of this DJ-1 at 1.56A resolution, allowing us to capture Cys106 in the reduced state for the first time. The dimeric structure reveals one molecule of DJ-1 in its reduced state while the other exhibits the characteristics of a mono-oxygenated cysteine. Comparison with previous structures indicates the absence of redox dependent global conformational changes in DJ-1. The capture of reduced Cys106 is facilitated by stabilization within the putative active site achieved through a glutamate side chain. This side chain is provided by a crystallographic neighbor as part of a 'Leu-Glu' motif, which was added to the C-terminus of DJ-1. In the structure this motif binds DJ-1 in close proximity to Cys106 through extended hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions depicting a distinct binding pocket, which can serve as a basis for compound development targeting DJ-1.

Identification of an artificial peptide motif that binds and stabilizes reduced human DJ-1., Premkumar L, Dobaczewska MK, Riedl SJ, J Struct Biol. 2011 Aug 27. PMID:21893204

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


[PARK7_HUMAN] Defects in PARK7 are the cause of Parkinson disease type 7 (PARK7) [MIM:606324]. A neurodegenerative disorder characterized by resting tremor, postural tremor, bradykinesia, muscular rigidity, anxiety and psychotic episodes. PARK7 has onset before 40 years, slow progression and initial good response to levodopa. Some patients may show traits reminiscent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism/dementia complex (Guam disease).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]


[PARK7_HUMAN] Protects cells against oxidative stress and cell death. Plays a role in regulating expression or stability of the mitochondrial uncoupling proteins SLC25A14 and SLC25A27 in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta and attenuates the oxidative stress induced by calcium entry into the neurons via L-type channels during pacemaking. Eliminates hydrogen peroxide and protects cells against hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death. May act as an atypical peroxiredoxin-like peroxidase that scavenges hydrogen peroxide. Following removal of a C-terminal peptide, displays protease activity and enhanced cytoprotective action against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. Stabilizes NFE2L2 by preventing its association with KEAP1 and its subsequent ubiquitination. Binds to OTUD7B and inhibits its deubiquitinating activity. Enhances RELA nuclear translocation. Binds to a number of mRNAs containing multiple copies of GG or CC motifs and partially inhibits their translation but dissociates following oxidative stress. Required for correct mitochondrial morphology and function and for autophagy of dysfunctional mitochondria. Regulates astrocyte inflammatory responses. Acts as a positive regulator of androgen receptor-dependent transcription. Prevents aggregation of SNCA. Plays a role in fertilization. Has no proteolytic activity. Has cell-growth promoting activity and transforming activity. May function as a redox-sensitive chaperone.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

About this Structure

3sf8 is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.


  • Premkumar L, Dobaczewska MK, Riedl SJ. Identification of an artificial peptide motif that binds and stabilizes reduced human DJ-1. J Struct Biol. 2011 Aug 27. PMID:21893204 doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2011.08.011
  1. Miller DW, Ahmad R, Hague S, Baptista MJ, Canet-Aviles R, McLendon C, Carter DM, Zhu PP, Stadler J, Chandran J, Klinefelter GR, Blackstone C, Cookson MR. L166P mutant DJ-1, causative for recessive Parkinson's disease, is degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 19;278(38):36588-95. Epub 2003 Jul 8. PMID:12851414 doi:10.1074/jbc.M304272200
  2. Bonifati V, Rizzu P, van Baren MJ, Schaap O, Breedveld GJ, Krieger E, Dekker MC, Squitieri F, Ibanez P, Joosse M, van Dongen JW, Vanacore N, van Swieten JC, Brice A, Meco G, van Duijn CM, Oostra BA, Heutink P. Mutations in the DJ-1 gene associated with autosomal recessive early-onset parkinsonism. Science. 2003 Jan 10;299(5604):256-9. Epub 2002 Nov 21. PMID:12446870 doi:10.1126/science.1077209
  3. Moore DJ, Zhang L, Dawson TM, Dawson VL. A missense mutation (L166P) in DJ-1, linked to familial Parkinson's disease, confers reduced protein stability and impairs homo-oligomerization. J Neurochem. 2003 Dec;87(6):1558-67. PMID:14713311
  4. Abou-Sleiman PM, Healy DG, Quinn N, Lees AJ, Wood NW. The role of pathogenic DJ-1 mutations in Parkinson's disease. Ann Neurol. 2003 Sep;54(3):283-6. PMID:12953260 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.10675
  5. Hering R, Strauss KM, Tao X, Bauer A, Woitalla D, Mietz EM, Petrovic S, Bauer P, Schaible W, Muller T, Schols L, Klein C, Berg D, Meyer PT, Schulz JB, Wollnik B, Tong L, Kruger R, Riess O. Novel homozygous p.E64D mutation in DJ1 in early onset Parkinson disease (PARK7). Hum Mutat. 2004 Oct;24(4):321-9. PMID:15365989 doi:10.1002/humu.20089
  6. Gorner K, Holtorf E, Odoy S, Nuscher B, Yamamoto A, Regula JT, Beyer K, Haass C, Kahle PJ. Differential effects of Parkinson's disease-associated mutations on stability and folding of DJ-1. J Biol Chem. 2004 Feb 20;279(8):6943-51. Epub 2003 Nov 7. PMID:14607841 doi:10.1074/jbc.M309204200
  7. Clark LN, Afridi S, Mejia-Santana H, Harris J, Louis ED, Cote LJ, Andrews H, Singleton A, Wavrant De-Vrieze F, Hardy J, Mayeux R, Fahn S, Waters C, Ford B, Frucht S, Ottman R, Marder K. Analysis of an early-onset Parkinson's disease cohort for DJ-1 mutations. Mov Disord. 2004 Jul;19(7):796-800. PMID:15254937 doi:10.1002/mds.20131
  8. Olzmann JA, Li L, Chudaev MV, Chen J, Perez FA, Palmiter RD, Chin LS. Parkin-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination targets misfolded DJ-1 to aggresomes via binding to HDAC6. J Cell Biol. 2007 Sep 10;178(6):1025-38. PMID:17846173 doi:10.1083/jcb.200611128
  9. Nagakubo D, Taira T, Kitaura H, Ikeda M, Tamai K, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Ariga H. DJ-1, a novel oncogene which transforms mouse NIH3T3 cells in cooperation with ras. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Feb 13;231(2):509-13. PMID:9070310 doi:S0006-291X(97)96132-5
  10. Takahashi K, Taira T, Niki T, Seino C, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Ariga H. DJ-1 positively regulates the androgen receptor by impairing the binding of PIASx alpha to the receptor. J Biol Chem. 2001 Oct 5;276(40):37556-63. Epub 2001 Jul 26. PMID:11477070 doi:10.1074/jbc.M101730200
  11. Niki T, Takahashi-Niki K, Taira T, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Ariga H. DJBP: a novel DJ-1-binding protein, negatively regulates the androgen receptor by recruiting histone deacetylase complex, and DJ-1 antagonizes this inhibition by abrogation of this complex. Mol Cancer Res. 2003 Feb;1(4):247-61. PMID:12612053
  12. Taira T, Saito Y, Niki T, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Takahashi K, Ariga H. DJ-1 has a role in antioxidative stress to prevent cell death. EMBO Rep. 2004 Feb;5(2):213-8. Epub 2004 Jan 23. PMID:14749723 doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400074
  13. Shendelman S, Jonason A, Martinat C, Leete T, Abeliovich A. DJ-1 is a redox-dependent molecular chaperone that inhibits alpha-synuclein aggregate formation. PLoS Biol. 2004 Nov;2(11):e362. Epub 2004 Oct 5. PMID:15502874 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020362
  14. Shinbo Y, Niki T, Taira T, Ooe H, Takahashi-Niki K, Maita C, Seino C, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Ariga H. Proper SUMO-1 conjugation is essential to DJ-1 to exert its full activities. Cell Death Differ. 2006 Jan;13(1):96-108. PMID:15976810 doi:4401704
  15. Sekito A, Koide-Yoshida S, Niki T, Taira T, Iguchi-Ariga SM, Ariga H. DJ-1 interacts with HIPK1 and affects H2O2-induced cell death. Free Radic Res. 2006 Feb;40(2):155-65. PMID:16390825 doi:10.1080/10715760500456847
  16. Clements CM, McNally RS, Conti BJ, Mak TW, Ting JP. DJ-1, a cancer- and Parkinson's disease-associated protein, stabilizes the antioxidant transcriptional master regulator Nrf2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Oct 10;103(41):15091-6. Epub 2006 Oct 2. PMID:17015834 doi:10.1073/pnas.0607260103
  17. van der Brug MP, Blackinton J, Chandran J, Hao LY, Lal A, Mazan-Mamczarz K, Martindale J, Xie C, Ahmad R, Thomas KJ, Beilina A, Gibbs JR, Ding J, Myers AJ, Zhan M, Cai H, Bonini NM, Gorospe M, Cookson MR. RNA binding activity of the recessive parkinsonism protein DJ-1 supports involvement in multiple cellular pathways. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jul 22;105(29):10244-9. doi:, 10.1073/pnas.0708518105. Epub 2008 Jul 14. PMID:18626009 doi:10.1073/pnas.0708518105
  18. Junn E, Jang WH, Zhao X, Jeong BS, Mouradian MM. Mitochondrial localization of DJ-1 leads to enhanced neuroprotection. J Neurosci Res. 2009 Jan;87(1):123-9. doi: 10.1002/jnr.21831. PMID:18711745 doi:10.1002/jnr.21831
  19. Chen J, Li L, Chin LS. Parkinson disease protein DJ-1 converts from a zymogen to a protease by carboxyl-terminal cleavage. Hum Mol Genet. 2010 Jun 15;19(12):2395-408. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddq113. Epub 2010, Mar 18. PMID:20304780 doi:10.1093/hmg/ddq113
  20. McNally RS, Davis BK, Clements CM, Accavitti-Loper MA, Mak TW, Ting JP. DJ-1 enhances cell survival through the binding of Cezanne, a negative regulator of NF-kappaB. J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 11;286(6):4098-106. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.147371. Epub 2010, Nov 19. PMID:21097510 doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.147371
  21. Lee SJ, Kim SJ, Kim IK, Ko J, Jeong CS, Kim GH, Park C, Kang SO, Suh PG, Lee HS, Cha SS. Crystal structures of human DJ-1 and Escherichia coli Hsp31, which share an evolutionarily conserved domain. J Biol Chem. 2003 Nov 7;278(45):44552-9. Epub 2003 Aug 25. PMID:12939276 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M304517200
  22. Canet-Aviles RM, Wilson MA, Miller DW, Ahmad R, McLendon C, Bandyopadhyay S, Baptista MJ, Ringe D, Petsko GA, Cookson MR. The Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1 is neuroprotective due to cysteine-sulfinic acid-driven mitochondrial localization. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jun 15;101(24):9103-8. Epub 2004 Jun 4. PMID:15181200 doi:10.1073/pnas.0402959101

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)


Personal tools