4kja

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4kja, resolution 2.90Å ()
Ligands: ,
Non-Standard Residues: , , ,
Gene: fusA (Escherichia coli K-12)
Related: 4kj5, 4kj6, 4kj7, 4kj8, 4kj9, 4kjb, 4kjc


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Control of ribosomal subunit rotation by elongation factor G

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Protein synthesis by the ribosome requires the translocation of transfer RNAs and messenger RNA by one codon after each peptide bond is formed, a reaction that requires ribosomal subunit rotation and is catalyzed by the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) elongation factor G (EF-G). We determined 3 angstrom resolution x-ray crystal structures of EF-G complexed with a nonhydrolyzable guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) analog and bound to the Escherichia coli ribosome in different states of ribosomal subunit rotation. The structures reveal that EF-G binding to the ribosome stabilizes switch regions in the GTPase active site, resulting in a compact EF-G conformation that favors an intermediate state of ribosomal subunit rotation. These structures suggest that EF-G controls the translocation reaction by cycles of conformational rigidity and relaxation before and after GTP hydrolysis.

Control of ribosomal subunit rotation by elongation factor G., Pulk A, Cate JH, Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1235970. doi: 10.1126/science.1235970. PMID:23812721

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Function

[RS11_ECOLI] Located on the platform of the 30S subunit, it bridges several disparate RNA helices of the 16S rRNA. Forms part of the Shine-Dalgarno cleft in the 70S ribosome (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01310] [RS7_ECOLI] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it nucleates assembly of the head domain of the 30S subunit. Is located at the subunit interface close to the decoding center, where it has been shown to contact mRNA. Has been shown to contact tRNA in both the P and E sites; it probably blocks exit of the E site tRNA.[1] Protein S7 is also a translational repressor protein; it regulates the expression of the str operon members to different degrees by binding to its mRNA.[2] [RS17_ECOLI] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds specifically to the 5'-end of 16S ribosomal RNA. Also plays a role in translational accuracy; neamine-resistant ribosomes show reduced neamine-induced misreading in vitro.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01345] [EFG_ECOLI] Catalyzes the GTP-dependent ribosomal translocation step during translation elongation. During this step, the ribosome changes from the pre-translocational (PRE) to the post-translocational (POST) state as the newly formed A-site-bound peptidyl-tRNA and P-site-bound deacylated tRNA move to the P and E sites, respectively. Catalyzes the coordinated movement of the two tRNA molecules, the mRNA and conformational changes in the ribosome.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00054_B] [RS18_ECOLI] Binds as a heterodimer with protein S6 to the central domain of the 16S rRNA, where it helps stabilize the platform of the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00270] [RS13_ECOLI] Located at the top of the head of the 30S subunit, it contacts several helices of the 16S rRNA.[3] In the E.coli 70S ribosome in the initiation state (PubMed:12809609) was modeled to contact the 23S rRNA (bridge B1a) and protein L5 of the 50S subunit (bridge B1b), connecting the 2 subunits; bridge B1a is broken in the model with bound EF-G, while the protein-protein contacts between S13 and L5 in B1b change (PubMed:12809609). The 23S rRNA contact site in bridge B1a is modeled to differ in different ribosomal states (PubMed:16272117), contacting alternately S13 or S19. In the two 3.5 angstroms resolved ribosome structures (PubMed:12859903) the contacts between L5, S13 and S19 bridge B1b are different, confirming the dynamic nature of this interaction. Bridge B1a is not visible in the crystallized ribosomes due to 23S rRNA disorder.[4] Contacts the tRNAs in the A and P sites.[5] The C-terminal tail plays a role in the affinity of the 30S P site for different tRNAs.[6] [RS16_ECOLI] In addition to being a ribosomal protein, S16 also has a cation-dependent endonuclease activity.[7] In-frame fusions with the ribosome maturation factor rimM suppress mutations in the latter (probably due to increased rimM expression) and are found in translationally active 70S ribosomes.[8] [RS6_ECOLI] Binds together with S18 to 16S ribosomal RNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00360] [RS3_ECOLI] Binds the lower part of the 30S subunit head. Binds mRNA in the 70S ribosome, positioning it for translation (By similarity).[9] Plays a role in mRNA unwinding by the ribosome, possibly by forming part of a processivity clamp.[10] [RS9_ECOLI] The C-terminal tail plays a role in the affinity of the 30S P site for different tRNAs. Mutations that decrease this affinity are suppressed in the 70S ribosome.[11] [RS12_ECOLI] With S4 and S5 plays an important role in translational accuracy.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00403_B] Interacts with and stabilizes bases of the 16S rRNA that are involved in tRNA selection in the A site and with the mRNA backbone. Located at the interface of the 30S and 50S subunits, it traverses the body of the 30S subunit contacting proteins on the other side and probably holding the rRNA structure together. The combined cluster of proteins S8, S12 and S17 appears to hold together the shoulder and platform of the 30S subunit (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00403_B] Cryo-EM studies suggest that S12 contacts the EF-Tu bound tRNA in the A-site during codon-recognition. This contact is most likely broken as the aminoacyl-tRNA moves into the peptidyl transferase center in the 50S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00403_B] [RS14_ECOLI] Binds 16S rRNA, required for the assembly of 30S particles and may also be responsible for determining the conformation of the 16S rRNA at the A site.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00537] [RS15_ECOLI] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the platform of the 30S subunit by binding and bridging several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01343] In the E.coli 70S ribosome it has been modeled (PubMed:12809609) to contact the 23S rRNA of the 50S subunit forming part of bridge B4. In the two 3.5 A resolved ribosome structures (PubMed:16272117) there are minor differences between side-chain conformations.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01343] [RS20_ECOLI] Binds directly to 16S ribosomal RNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00500] [RS8_ECOLI] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA central domain where it helps coordinate assembly of the platform of the 30S subunit (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01302_B] Protein S8 is a translational repressor protein, it controls the translation of the spc operon by binding to its mRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01302_B] [RS4_ECOLI] One of two assembly initiator proteins for the 30S subunit, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it nucleates assembly of the body of the 30S subunit.[12] [13] [14] With S5 and S12 plays an important role in translational accuracy; many suppressors of streptomycin-dependent mutants of protein S12 are found in this protein, some but not all of which decrease translational accuracy (ram, ribosomal ambiguity mutations).[15] [16] [17] Plays a role in mRNA unwinding by the ribosome, possibly by forming part of a processivity clamp.[18] [19] [20] Protein S4 is also a translational repressor protein, it controls the translation of the alpha-operon (which codes for S13, S11, S4, RNA polymerase alpha subunit, and L17) by binding to its mRNA.[21] [22] [23] Also functions as a rho-dependent antiterminator of rRNA transcription, increasing the synthesis of rRNA under conditions of excess protein, allowing a more rapid return to homeostasis. Binds directly to RNA polymerase.[24] [25] [26] [RS10_ECOLI] Involved in the binding of tRNA to the ribosomes.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00508] [RS19_ECOLI] In the E.coli 70S ribosome in the initiation state (PubMed:12809609) it has been modeled to contact the 23S rRNA of the 50S subunit forming part of bridge B1a; this bridge is broken in the model with bound EF-G. The 23S rRNA contact site in bridge B1a is modeled to differ in different ribosomal states (PubMed:12859903), contacting alternately S13 or S19. In the 3.5 angstroms resolved ribosome structures (PubMed:16272117) the contacts between L5, S13 and S19 bridge B1b are different, confirming the dynamic nature of this interaction. Bridge B1a is not visible in the crystallized ribosomes due to 23S rRNA disorder.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00531] Protein S19 forms a complex with S13 that binds strongly to the 16S ribosomal RNA. Contacts the A site tRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00531] [RS5_ECOLI] With S4 and S12 plays an important role in translational accuracy. Many suppressors of streptomycin-dependent mutants of protein S12 are found in this protein, some but not all of which decrease translational accuracy (ram, ribosomal ambiguity mutations).[27] Located at the back of the 30S subunit body where it stabilizes the conformation of the head with respect to the body.[28] The physical location of this protein suggests it may also play a role in mRNA unwinding by the ribosome, possibly by forming part of a processivity clamp.[29]

About this Structure

4kja is a 23 chain structure with sequence from Escherichia coli and Escherichia coli k-12. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Pulk A, Cate JH. Control of ribosomal subunit rotation by elongation factor G. Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1235970. doi: 10.1126/science.1235970. PMID:23812721 doi:10.1126/science.1235970
  1. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  2. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  3. Hoang L, Fredrick K, Noller HF. Creating ribosomes with an all-RNA 30S subunit P site. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 24;101(34):12439-43. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15308780 doi:10.1073/pnas.0405227101
  4. Hoang L, Fredrick K, Noller HF. Creating ribosomes with an all-RNA 30S subunit P site. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 24;101(34):12439-43. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15308780 doi:10.1073/pnas.0405227101
  5. Hoang L, Fredrick K, Noller HF. Creating ribosomes with an all-RNA 30S subunit P site. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 24;101(34):12439-43. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15308780 doi:10.1073/pnas.0405227101
  6. Hoang L, Fredrick K, Noller HF. Creating ribosomes with an all-RNA 30S subunit P site. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 24;101(34):12439-43. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15308780 doi:10.1073/pnas.0405227101
  7. Oberto J, Bonnefoy E, Mouray E, Pellegrini O, Wikstrom PM, Rouviere-Yaniv J. The Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S16 is an endonuclease. Mol Microbiol. 1996 Mar;19(6):1319-30. PMID:8730873
  8. Oberto J, Bonnefoy E, Mouray E, Pellegrini O, Wikstrom PM, Rouviere-Yaniv J. The Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S16 is an endonuclease. Mol Microbiol. 1996 Mar;19(6):1319-30. PMID:8730873
  9. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  10. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  11. Hoang L, Fredrick K, Noller HF. Creating ribosomes with an all-RNA 30S subunit P site. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 24;101(34):12439-43. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15308780 doi:10.1073/pnas.0405227101
  12. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  13. Torres M, Condon C, Balada JM, Squires C, Squires CL. Ribosomal protein S4 is a transcription factor with properties remarkably similar to NusA, a protein involved in both non-ribosomal and ribosomal RNA antitermination. EMBO J. 2001 Jul 16;20(14):3811-20. PMID:11447122 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3811
  14. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  15. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  16. Torres M, Condon C, Balada JM, Squires C, Squires CL. Ribosomal protein S4 is a transcription factor with properties remarkably similar to NusA, a protein involved in both non-ribosomal and ribosomal RNA antitermination. EMBO J. 2001 Jul 16;20(14):3811-20. PMID:11447122 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3811
  17. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  18. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  19. Torres M, Condon C, Balada JM, Squires C, Squires CL. Ribosomal protein S4 is a transcription factor with properties remarkably similar to NusA, a protein involved in both non-ribosomal and ribosomal RNA antitermination. EMBO J. 2001 Jul 16;20(14):3811-20. PMID:11447122 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3811
  20. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  21. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  22. Torres M, Condon C, Balada JM, Squires C, Squires CL. Ribosomal protein S4 is a transcription factor with properties remarkably similar to NusA, a protein involved in both non-ribosomal and ribosomal RNA antitermination. EMBO J. 2001 Jul 16;20(14):3811-20. PMID:11447122 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3811
  23. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  24. Nowotny V, Nierhaus KH. Assembly of the 30S subunit from Escherichia coli ribosomes occurs via two assembly domains which are initiated by S4 and S7. Biochemistry. 1988 Sep 6;27(18):7051-5. PMID:2461734
  25. Torres M, Condon C, Balada JM, Squires C, Squires CL. Ribosomal protein S4 is a transcription factor with properties remarkably similar to NusA, a protein involved in both non-ribosomal and ribosomal RNA antitermination. EMBO J. 2001 Jul 16;20(14):3811-20. PMID:11447122 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3811
  26. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  27. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  28. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042
  29. Takyar S, Hickerson RP, Noller HF. mRNA helicase activity of the ribosome. Cell. 2005 Jan 14;120(1):49-58. PMID:15652481 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.11.042

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