Journal:JBIC:4

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Solved Crystal Structure of Ferrochelatase Mutant

Bacterial ferrochelatase turns human: Tyr13 determines the apparent metal specificity of Bacillus subtilis ferrochelatase

Mattias D. Hansson • Tobias Karlberg • Christopher A. G. So ̈derberg • Sreekanth Rajan • Martin J. Warren • Salam Al-Karadaghi • Stephen E. J. Rigby • Mats Hansson[1]


Molecular Tour

Ferrochelatase produces . It can also . However, the ability to insert other . In this way Bacillus subtilis ferrochelatase can insert copper into protoporphyrin IX, but to a much less extent cobalt. In contrast, the human and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ferrochelatases prefer cobalt over copper. shows that , while A third residue, Tyr in B. subtilis, is a third ligand via a water molecule. Human and S. cerevisiae ferrochelatase utilizes In the structures of the ferrochelatases the Tyr/Met occupies the same position. We also know that the Tyr residue of the is a . By site directed mutagenesis and showed that the metal specificity changed so that the modified B. subtilis ferrochelatase . Two crystal structures are presented. how . The how a in the B. subtilis enzyme.

  1. Hansson MD, Karlberg T, Soderberg CA, Rajan S, Warren MJ, Al-Karadaghi S, Rigby SE, Hansson M. Bacterial ferrochelatase turns human: Tyr13 determines the apparent metal specificity of Bacillus subtilis ferrochelatase. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2010 Nov 4. PMID:21052751 doi:10.1007/s00775-010-0720-4
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