Benazepril

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Benazepril, also known as Lotensin

Better Known as: Lotensin (Lotrel when combined with Amlodipine)

Mechanism of Action

Angiotensin II has been implicated in cardiac, renal and vascular diseases. [1] Bradykinin, a small peptide that counterbalance the effects of Angiotensin II by acting as a strong vasodilator upon binding AT2, is degraded by the same ACE-1 enzyme. Since ACE-1 is the primary producer of Angiotensin II and degrader of Bradykinins, inhibition of ACE-1 has proven an effective treatment for Hypertension and Congestive Heart Failure.[2]

Pharmacokinetics

ACE-Inhibitor Pharmacokinetics Comparison at Equivalent Dosages
Parameter Captopril Lisinopril Ramipril Enalapril Benazepril Perindopril Trandolapril
Tmax (hr) .98 6.5 .67 1.06 .5 .75 .72
Cmax (ng/ml) 1210 79 16.4 314 149 105 1.68
Bioavailability (%) 72 25 28 60 97 24 10
Protein Binding (%) 97 0 73 20 97 20 80
T1/2 (hr) .56 10.1 1.93 1.6 10 .9 .68
AUC (ng/ml/hr) 1673 1016 21.9 450 140 182 1.86
IC50 (nM) 1.1 5.5 5.0 5.4 1.7 2.4 2.5
Dosage (mg) 10 20 5 20 10 4 2
Metabolism Hepatic (CYP2D6) None Hepatic Hepatic (CYP3A4) Hepatic Hepatic Hepatic (CYP2D6 & CYP2C9)

For Pharmacokinetic Data References, See: References

References

  1. Ferrario CM. Role of angiotensin II in cardiovascular disease therapeutic implications of more than a century of research. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2006 Mar;7(1):3-14. PMID:17083068
  2. Natesh R, Schwager SL, Evans HR, Sturrock ED, Acharya KR. Structural details on the binding of antihypertensive drugs captopril and enalaprilat to human testicular angiotensin I-converting enzyme. Biochemistry. 2004 Jul 13;43(27):8718-24. PMID:15236580 doi:10.1021/bi049480n


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