Trandolapril

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Trandolaprilat, the metabolite of Trandolapril, also known as Mavik

Better Known as: Mavik

Mechanism of Action

Angiotensin II has been implicated in cardiac, renal and vascular diseases. Bradykinin, a small peptide that counterbalance the effects of Angiotensin II by acting as a strong vasodilator upon binding AT2, is degraded by the same ACE-1 enzyme. Since ACE-1 is the primary producer of Angiotensin II and degrader of Bradykinins, inhibition of ACE-1 has proven an effective treatment for Hypertension.[1] Trandolapril is rapidly metabolized into its highly active metabolite Trandolaprilat by hepatic enzymes. Trandolaprilat binds to the active site of , preventing ACE-1 from binding and converting Angiotensin I into Angiotensin II. ACE-1 using residues Tyr 496, Glu 368, Glu 395, Ser 339, Ala 338, His 367, His 371, Val 502, His 497, Lys 495, Tyr 504, Gln 265, Asp 399, Phe 441, Phe 511 and a Zinc Ion to tightly affix the inhibitor to the active site of ACE-1.

Pharmacokinetics

ACE-Inhibitor Pharmacokinetics Comparison at Equivalent Dosages
Parameter Captopril Lisinopril Ramipril Enalapril Benazepril Perindopril Trandolapril
Tmax (hr) .98 6.5 .67 1.06 .5 .75 .72
Cmax (ng/ml) 1210 79 16.4 314 149 105 1.68
Bioavailability (%) 72 25 28 60 97 24 10
Protein Binding (%) 97 0 73 20 97 20 80
T1/2 (hr) .56 10.1 1.93 1.6 10 .9 .68
AUC (ng/ml/hr) 1673 1016 21.9 450 140 182 1.86
IC50 (nM) 1.1 5.5 5.0 5.4 1.7 2.4 2.5
Dosage (mg) 10 20 5 20 10 4 2
Metabolism Hepatic (CYP2D6) None Hepatic Hepatic (CYP3A4) Hepatic Hepatic Hepatic (CYP2D6 & CYP2C9)

For Pharmacokinetic Data References, See: References

References

  1. Ferrario CM. Role of angiotensin II in cardiovascular disease therapeutic implications of more than a century of research. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2006 Mar;7(1):3-14. PMID:17083068


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