Chimera of alcohol dehydrogenase by exchange of the cofactor binding domain res 153-295 of T. brockii ADH by C. beijerinckii ADH

From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Chimera of alcohol dehydrogenase complex with etylene glycol, chloride and Zn+2 ions 3fsr
Ligands: , ,
Gene: ADH1,ADH1 ("Clostridium rubrum" Ng and Vaughn 1963)
Activity: Alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP(+)), with EC number 1.1.1.2
Related: 3fpc, 3fpl
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Chimera Χ21(TCT) (3fsr)

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The cofactor-binding domains (residues 153-295) of the alcohol dehydrogenases from the thermophile Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TbADH), the mesophilic bacterium Clostridium beijerinckii (CbADH), and the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica (EhADH1) have been exchanged. Three chimeras have been constructed. In the first chimera, the cofactor-binding domain of thermophilic TbADH was replaced with the cofactor-binding domain of its mesophilic counterpart CbADH [chimera Chi21((TCT))]. This domain exchange significantly destabilized the parent thermophilic enzyme (DeltaT(1/2) = -18 degrees C). The reverse exchange in CbADH [chimera Chi22((CTC))], however, had little effect on the thermal stability of the parent mesophilic protein. Furthermore, substituting the cofactor-binding domain of TbADH with the homologous domain of EhADH1 [chimera Chi23((TET))] substantially reduced the thermal stability of the thermophilic ADH (DeltaT(1/2) = -51 degrees C) and impeded the oligomerization of the enzyme. All three chimeric proteins and one of their site-directed mutants were crystallized, and their three-dimensional (3D) structures were determined. Comparison of the 3D structures of the chimeras and the chimeric mutant with the structures of their parent ADHs showed no significant changes to their Calpha chains, suggesting that the difference in the thermal stability of the three parent ADHs and their chimeric mutants could be due to a limited number of substitutions located at strategic positions, mainly at the oligomerization interfaces. Indeed, stabilization of the chimeras was achieved, to a significant extent, either by introduction of a proline residue at a strategic position in the major horse liver ADH-type dimerization interface (DeltaT(1/2) = 35 degrees C) or by introduction of intersubunit electrostatic interactions (DeltaT(1/2) = 6 degrees C).

Biochemical and Structural Properties of Chimeras Constructed by Exchange of Cofactor-Binding Domains in Alcohol Dehydrogenases from Thermophilic and Mesophilic Microorganisms., Goihberg E, Peretz M, Tel-Or S, Dym O, Shimon L, Frolow F, Burstein Y, Biochemistry. 2010 Feb 9. PMID:20102159

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


The NADP+-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases (EC 1.1.1.2) from the thermophile Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TbADH), the mesophilic bacterium Clostridium beijerinckii (CbADH), and the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica (EhADH1) are [1] (monomers are colored in different colors) secondary alcohol dehydrogenases. Each of these alcohol dehydrogenases consists of two domains: the (residues 154−294 for TbADH) and the (residues 1−153 and 295−351 for TbADH; contains Zn2+ at the active site) separated by a deep cleft. Although, all these three ADHs revealed a high degree of sequence conservation (62-75% identity), them significantly differ in thermostability. The cofactor-binding domains (residues 153−295) of TbADH, CbADH, and EhADH1 were mutually and 3 corresponding chimeras were constructed. The cofactor-binding domain of thermophilic TbADH was replaced with the cofactor-binding domain of its mesophilic counterpart CbADH (chimera Χ21(TCT), 3fsr). This domain replacement significantly destabilized the parent thermophilic enzyme (ΔT1/2 = −18 °C).


The double mutant of the chimera Χ21(TCT) (cofactor-binding domain of thermophilic TbADH replaced by that of mesophilic CbADH) Q165E/S254K-X21(TCT) (3ftn) was constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. In both TbADH and CbADH, Lys257 and Asp237 form an intrasubunit ion pair, in TbADH, Asp237 is also involved in an ion pair bridge with Arg304 of the adjacent monomer. In addition, Arg304 forms intersubunit salt bridge with Glu165 of the first monomer. Therefore, a involving Lys257, Asp237, and Glu165 of one monomer and Arg304 of the adjacent one is present in TbADH (the names of monomers are in brackets). However in mesophilic CbADH (and, therefore, in the chimera Χ21(TCT), 3fsr) the Gln is situated in position 165 (instead Glu of TbADH) and Met in position 304 (instead Arg of TbADH), so, such an ion pair network does not exist. In the double mutant Q165E/S254K-X21(TCT) reverse mutation Q165E reconstructs this network (as in parent thermophilic TbADH) that led to significant enhancement of the thermal stability of CbADH (ΔT1/260 min = 5.4 °C). Chimera X21(TCT) (3fsr) is colored magenta and the double mutant Q165E/S254K-X21(TCT) cyan (3ftn). In chimera X21(TCT), position 254 is occupied by Ser (due to sequence of exchanged domain). The replacement of Ser254 of CbADH with Lys significantly enhances the stability of the enzyme, due to the formation of . However, this replacing of Ser254 by Lys had a negligible effect on the thermal stability, in contrast to mutation Q165E mentioned above.

</StructureSection>


Reference

Biochemical and structural properties of chimeras constructed by exchange of cofactor binding domains in alcohol dehydrogenases from thermophilic and mesophilic microorganisms., Goihberg E, Peretz M, Tel-Or S, Dym O, Shimon LJ, Frolow F, Burstein Y.Biochemistry. 2010 Jan 26. Epub ahead of print

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)

Alexander Berchansky, Michal Harel

Personal tools