[IL13_HUMAN] Defects in IL13 may be a cause of susceptibility to allergic rhinitis (ALRH) [MIM:607154]. Allergic rhinitis is a common disease of complex inheritance and is characterized by mucosal inflammation caused by allergen exposure.
[IL13_HUMAN] Cytokine. Inhibits inflammatory cytokine production. Synergizes with IL2 in regulating interferon-gamma synthesis. May be critical in regulating inflammatory and immune responses.
Interleukin-13 has been implicated as a key factor in asthma, allergy, atopy and inflammatory response, establishing the protein as a valuable therapeutic target. The high-resolution solution structure of human IL-13 has been determined by multidimensional NMR. The resulting structure is consistent with previous short-chain left-handed four-helix bundles, where a significant similarity in the folding topology between IL-13 and IL-4 was observed. IL-13 shares a significant overlap in biological function with IL-4, a result of the common alpha chain component (IL-4Ralpha) in their respective receptors. Based on the available structural and mutational data, an IL-13/IL-4Ralpha model and a sequential mechanism for forming the signaling heterodimer is proposed for IL-13.
Solution structure of human IL-13 and implication for receptor binding.,Moy FJ, Diblasio E, Wilhelm J, Powers R J Mol Biol. 2001 Jun 29;310(1):219-30. PMID:11419948
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.