NMR structure of the UBA domain of p62 (SQSTM1)
[SQSTM_HUMAN] Defects in SQSTM1 are a cause of Paget disease of bone (PDB) [MIM:602080]. PDB is a metabolic bone disease affecting the axial skeleton and characterized by focal areas of increased and disorganized bone turn-over due to activated osteoclasts. Manifestations of the disease include bone pain, deformity, pathological fractures, deafness, neurological complications and increased risk of osteosarcoma. PDB is a chronic disease affecting 2 to 3% of the population above the age of 40 years.        Note=In a cell model for Huntington disease (HD), appears to form a shell surrounding aggregates of mutant HTT that may protect cells from apoptosis, possibly by recruiting autophagosomal components to the polyubiquitinylated protein aggregates.
[SQSTM_HUMAN] Required both for the formation and autophagic degradation of polyubiquitin-containing bodies, called ALIS (aggresome-like induced structures). Links ALIS to the autophagic machinery via direct interaction with MAP1 LC3 family members. May regulate the activation of NFKB1 by TNF-alpha, nerve growth factor (NGF) and interleukin-1. May play a role in titin/TTN downstream signaling in muscle cells. May regulate signaling cascades through ubiquitination. Adapter that mediates the interaction between TRAF6 and CYLD (By similarity). May be involved in cell differentiation, apoptosis, immune response and regulation of K(+) channels.          
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The p62 protein (also known as SQSTM1) mediates diverse cellular functions including control of NFkappaB signaling and transcriptional activation. p62 binds non-covalently to ubiquitin and co-localizes with ubiquitylated inclusions in a number of human protein aggregation diseases. Mutations in the gene encoding p62 cause Paget's disease of bone (PDB), a common disorder of the elderly characterized by excessive bone resorption and formation. All of the p62 PDB mutations identified to date cluster within the C-terminal region of the protein, which shows low sequence identity to previously characterized ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains. We report the first NMR structure of a recombinant polypeptide that contains the C-terminal UBA domain of the human p62 protein (residues 387-436). This sequence, which confers multiubiquitin chain binding, forms a compact three-helix bundle with a structure analogous to the UBA domains of HHR23A but with differences in the loop regions connecting helices that may be involved in binding accessory proteins. We show that the Pro392 --> Leu PDB substitution mutation modifies the structure of the UBA domain by extending the N terminus of helix 1. In contrast to the p62 PDB deletion mutations that remove the UBA domain and ablate multiubiquitin chain binding, the Pro392 --> Leu substitution does not affect interaction of the UBA domain with multiubiquitin chains. Thus, phenotypically identical substitution and deletion mutations do not appear to predispose to PDB through a mechanism dependent on a common loss of ubiquitin chain binding by p62.
Structure of the ubiquitin-associated domain of p62 (SQSTM1) and implications for mutations that cause Paget's disease of bone.,Ciani B, Layfield R, Cavey JR, Sheppard PW, Searle MS J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 26;278(39):37409-12. Epub 2003 Jul 11. PMID:12857745
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.