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|1r02, 1 NMR models ()|
Solution structure of Human Orexin-A:Regulator of Appetite and Wakefulness
Orexin-A and orexin-B (hypocretin-1 and hypocretin-2, respectively) are important hypothalamic neuro-peptides, which are encoded by a single mRNA transcript and stimulate food intake as well as regulate wakefulness. Here we determined the solution structure of orexin-A by NMR spectroscopy and by simulated-annealing calculation. The structural features of orexin-A involve two alpha-helices, with the hydrophobic residues disposed to on one side of helix, and hydrophilic residues to the other. A hydrophilic turn induced by two disulfide bonds provides the key difference between orexin-A and -B. With previous mutagenic studies, the derived structure of orexin-A provides us with a structure-functional view for novel drug design.
Solution structure of human orexin-A: regulator of appetite and wakefulness., Kim HY, Hong E, Kim JI, Lee W, J Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Sep 30;37(5):565-73. PMID:15479620
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[OREX_HUMAN] Defects in HCRT are the cause of narcolepsy type 1 (NRCLP1) [MIM:161400]. Narcolepsy is a neurological disabling sleep disorder, characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep fragmentation, symptoms of abnormal rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep, such as cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Cataplexy is a sudden loss of muscle tone triggered by emotions, which is the most valuable clinical feature used to diagnose narcolepsy. Human narcolepsy is primarily a sporadically occurring disorder but familial clustering has been observed. Note=Human narcolepsy is associated with a deficient orexin system. Orexins are absent and/or greatly diminished in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of most narcoleptic patients.
[OREX_HUMAN] Neuropeptides that play a significant role in the regulation of food intake and sleep-wakefulness, possibly by coordinating the complex behavioral and physiologic responses of these complementary homeostatic functions. A broader role in the homeostatic regulation of energy metabolism, autonomic function, hormonal balance and the regulation of body fluids, is also suggested. Orexin-A binds to both OX1R and OX2R with a high affinity, whereas orexin-B binds only to OX2R with a similar high affinity.
About this Structure
1r02 is a 1 chain structure. Full experimental information is available from OCA.
- ↑ Peyron C, Faraco J, Rogers W, Ripley B, Overeem S, Charnay Y, Nevsimalova S, Aldrich M, Reynolds D, Albin R, Li R, Hungs M, Pedrazzoli M, Padigaru M, Kucherlapati M, Fan J, Maki R, Lammers GJ, Bouras C, Kucherlapati R, Nishino S, Mignot E. A mutation in a case of early onset narcolepsy and a generalized absence of hypocretin peptides in human narcoleptic brains. Nat Med. 2000 Sep;6(9):991-7. PMID:10973318 doi:10.1038/79690