A PIP2 AND F-ACTIN-BINDING SITE OF GELSOLIN, RESIDUE 150-169 (NMR, AVERAGED STRUCTURE)
[GELS_HUMAN] Defects in GSN are the cause of amyloidosis type 5 (AMYL5) [MIM:105120]; also known as familial amyloidosis Finnish type. AMYL5 is a hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to gelsolin amyloid deposition. It is typically characterized by cranial neuropathy and lattice corneal dystrophy. Most patients have modest involvement of internal organs, but severe systemic disease can develop in some individuals causing peripheral polyneuropathy, amyloid cardiomyopathy, and nephrotic syndrome leading to renal failure.   
[GELS_HUMAN] Calcium-regulated, actin-modulating protein that binds to the plus (or barbed) ends of actin monomers or filaments, preventing monomer exchange (end-blocking or capping). It can promote the assembly of monomers into filaments (nucleation) as well as sever filaments already formed. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The peptide G(150-169) corresponds to a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and filamentous actin (F-actin) binding site on gelsolin (residues 150-169, with the sequence KHVVPNEVVVQRLFQVKGRR). The conformation of this peptide in trifluoroethanol (TFE) aqueous solution was determined by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance as the first step toward understanding the structural aspects of the interaction of G(150-169) and PIP2. The circular dichroism experiments show that G(150-169) adopts a predominantly alpha-helical form in both 50% TFE aqueous solution and in the presence of PIP2 micelles, therefore establishing a connection between the two conformations. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance experiments of G(150-169) in TFE co-solvent show that the helical region extends from Pro-154 to Lys-166. The amphiphilic nature of this helical structure may be the key to understanding the binding of the peptide to lipids. Sodium dodecyl sulfate micelle solution is used as a model for anionic lipid environments. Preliminary studies of the conformation of G(150-169) in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelle solution show that the peptide forms an alpha-helix similar to but with some structural differences from that in TFE co-solvent. Fluorescence experiments provide evidence of peptide clustering over a narrow range of peptide/PIP2 ratios, which is potentially relevant to the biological function of PIP2.
Spectroscopic studies of a phosphoinositide-binding peptide from gelsolin: behavior in solutions of mixed solvent and anionic micelles.,Xian W, Vegners R, Janmey PA, Braunlin WH Biophys J. 1995 Dec;69(6):2695-702. PMID:8599675
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.