1t84

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1t84, 20 NMR models ()
Ligands:
Gene: WASP (residues 242-310 and 461-492) (Homo sapiens)
Related: 1ej5, 1cee
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Solution structure of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (WASP) autoinhibited core domain complexed with (S)-wiskostatin, a small molecule inhibitor

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Current drug discovery efforts focus primarily on proteins with defined enzymatic or small molecule binding sites. Autoregulatory domains represent attractive alternative targets for small molecule inhibitors because they also occur in noncatalytic proteins and because allosteric inhibitors may avoid specificity problems inherent in active site-directed inhibitors. We report here the identification of wiskostatin, a chemical inhibitor of the neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP). Wiskostatin interacts with a cleft in the regulatory GTPase-binding domain (GBD) of WASP in the solution structure of the complex. Wiskostatin induces folding of the isolated, unstructured GBD into its autoinhibited conformation, suggesting that wiskostatin functions by stabilizing N-WASP in its autoinhibited state. The use of small molecules to bias conformational equilibria represents a potentially general strategy for chemical inhibition of autoinhibited proteins, even in cases where such sites have not been naturally evolved in a target.

Chemical inhibition of N-WASP by stabilization of a native autoinhibited conformation., Peterson JR, Bickford LC, Morgan D, Kim AS, Ouerfelli O, Kirschner MW, Rosen MK, Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 Aug;11(8):747-55. Epub 2004 Jul 4. PMID:15235593

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[WASP_HUMAN] Defects in WAS are the cause of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) [MIM:301000]; also known as eczema-thrombocytopenia-immunodeficiency syndrome. WAS is an X-linked recessive immunodeficiency characterized by eczema, thrombocytopenia, recurrent infections, and bloody diarrhea. Death usually occurs before age 10.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] Defects in WAS are the cause of thrombocytopenia type 1 (THC1) [MIM:313900]. Thrombocytopenia is defined by a decrease in the number of platelets in circulating blood, resulting in the potential for increased bleeding and decreased ability for clotting.[12][13][14][15][16] Defects in WAS are a cause of neutropenia severe congenital X-linked (XLN) [MIM:300299]. XLN is an immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent major bacterial infections, severe congenital neutropenia, and monocytopenia.[17]

Function

[WASP_HUMAN] Effector protein for Rho-type GTPases. Regulates actin filament reorganization via its interaction with the Arp2/3 complex. Important for efficient actin polymerization. Possible regulator of lymphocyte and platelet function. Mediates actin filament reorganization and the formation of actin pedestals upon infection by pathogenic bacteria.[18][19][20]

About this Structure

1t84 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Peterson JR, Bickford LC, Morgan D, Kim AS, Ouerfelli O, Kirschner MW, Rosen MK. Chemical inhibition of N-WASP by stabilization of a native autoinhibited conformation. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 Aug;11(8):747-55. Epub 2004 Jul 4. PMID:15235593 doi:10.1038/nsmb796
  1. Kwan SP, Hagemann TL, Radtke BE, Blaese RM, Rosen FS. Identification of mutations in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome gene and characterization of a polymorphic dinucleotide repeat at DXS6940, adjacent to the disease gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 May 9;92(10):4706-10. PMID:7753869
  2. Kolluri R, Shehabeldin A, Peacocke M, Lamhonwah AM, Teichert-Kuliszewska K, Weissman SM, Siminovitch KA. Identification of WASP mutations in patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and isolated thrombocytopenia reveals allelic heterogeneity at the WAS locus. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Jul;4(7):1119-26. PMID:8528198
  3. Derry JM, Kerns JA, Weinberg KI, Ochs HD, Volpini V, Estivill X, Walker AP, Francke U. WASP gene mutations in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and X-linked thrombocytopenia. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Jul;4(7):1127-35. PMID:8528199
  4. Schindelhauer D, Weiss M, Hellebrand H, Golla A, Hergersberg M, Seger R, Belohradsky BH, Meindl A. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: no strict genotype-phenotype correlations but clustering of missense mutations in the amino-terminal part of the WASP gene product. Hum Genet. 1996 Jul;98(1):68-76. PMID:8682510
  5. Remold-O'Donnell E, Cooley J, Shcherbina A, Hagemann TL, Kwan SP, Kenney DM, Rosen FS. Variable expression of WASP in B cell lines of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome patients. J Immunol. 1997 May 1;158(9):4021-5. PMID:9126958
  6. Ariga T, Yamada M, Sakiyama Y. Mutation analysis of five Japanese families with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and determination of the family members' carrier status using three different methods. Pediatr Res. 1997 Apr;41(4 Pt 1):535-40. PMID:9098856 doi:10.1203/00006450-199704000-00013
  7. MacCarthy-Morrogh L, Gaspar HB, Wang YC, Katz F, Thompson L, Layton M, Jones AM, Kinnon C. Absence of expression of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein in peripheral blood cells of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome patients. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1998 Jul;88(1):22-7. PMID:9683546
  8. Facchetti F, Blanzuoli L, Vermi W, Notarangelo LD, Giliani S, Fiorini M, Fasth A, Stewart DM, Nelson DL. Defective actin polymerization in EBV-transformed B-cell lines from patients with the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. J Pathol. 1998 May;185(1):99-107. PMID:9713366 doi:<99::AID-PATH48>3.0.CO;2-L 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199805)185:1<99::AID-PATH48>3.0.CO;2-L
  9. Parolini O, Ressmann G, Haas OA, Pawlowsky J, Gadner H, Knapp W, Holter W. X-linked Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome in a girl. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jan 29;338(5):291-5. PMID:9445409 doi:10.1056/NEJM199801293380504
  10. Lemahieu V, Gastier JM, Francke U. Novel mutations in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein gene and their effects on transcriptional, translational, and clinical phenotypes. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(1):54-66. PMID:10447259 doi:<54::AID-HUMU7>3.0.CO;2-E 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1999)14:1<54::AID-HUMU7>3.0.CO;2-E
  11. El-Hakeh J, Rosenzweig S, Oleastro M, Basack N, Berozdnik L, Molina F, Rivas EM, Zelazko M, Danielian S. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome in Argentina: 17 unique, including nine novel, mutations. Hum Mutat. 2002 Feb;19(2):186-7. PMID:11793485 doi:10.1002/humu.9013
  12. Derry JM, Kerns JA, Weinberg KI, Ochs HD, Volpini V, Estivill X, Walker AP, Francke U. WASP gene mutations in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and X-linked thrombocytopenia. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Jul;4(7):1127-35. PMID:8528199
  13. Lemahieu V, Gastier JM, Francke U. Novel mutations in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein gene and their effects on transcriptional, translational, and clinical phenotypes. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(1):54-66. PMID:10447259 doi:<54::AID-HUMU7>3.0.CO;2-E 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1999)14:1<54::AID-HUMU7>3.0.CO;2-E
  14. Villa A, Notarangelo L, Macchi P, Mantuano E, Cavagni G, Brugnoni D, Strina D, Patrosso MC, Ramenghi U, Sacco MG, et al.. X-linked thrombocytopenia and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome are allelic diseases with mutations in the WASP gene. Nat Genet. 1995 Apr;9(4):414-7. PMID:7795648 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng0495-414
  15. Ho LL, Ayling J, Prosser I, Kronenberg H, Iland H, Joshua D. Missense C168T in the Wiskott--Aldrich Syndrome protein gene is a common mutation in X-linked thrombocytopenia. Br J Haematol. 2001 Jan;112(1):76-80. PMID:11167787
  16. Notarangelo LD, Mazza C, Giliani S, D'Aria C, Gandellini F, Ravelli C, Locatelli MG, Nelson DL, Ochs HD, Notarangelo LD. Missense mutations of the WASP gene cause intermittent X-linked thrombocytopenia. Blood. 2002 Mar 15;99(6):2268-9. PMID:11877312
  17. Devriendt K, Kim AS, Mathijs G, Frints SG, Schwartz M, Van Den Oord JJ, Verhoef GE, Boogaerts MA, Fryns JP, You D, Rosen MK, Vandenberghe P. Constitutively activating mutation in WASP causes X-linked severe congenital neutropenia. Nat Genet. 2001 Mar;27(3):313-7. PMID:11242115 doi:10.1038/85886
  18. Cory GO, Garg R, Cramer R, Ridley AJ. Phosphorylation of tyrosine 291 enhances the ability of WASp to stimulate actin polymerization and filopodium formation. Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 22;277(47):45115-21. Epub 2002 Sep 15. PMID:12235133 doi:10.1074/jbc.M203346200
  19. Chereau D, Kerff F, Graceffa P, Grabarek Z, Langsetmo K, Dominguez R. Actin-bound structures of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP)-homology domain 2 and the implications for filament assembly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 15;102(46):16644-9. Epub 2005 Nov 7. PMID:16275905
  20. Cheng HC, Skehan BM, Campellone KG, Leong JM, Rosen MK. Structural mechanism of WASP activation by the enterohaemorrhagic E. coli effector EspF(U). Nature. 2008 Aug 21;454(7207):1009-13. Epub 2008 Jul 23. PMID:18650809 doi:10.1038/nature07160

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