[DLX5_HUMAN] Defects in DLX5 are the cause of split-hand/foot malformation type 1, with sensorineural hearing loss (SHFM1D) [MIM:220600]. A disease characterized by the association of split-hand/foot malformation with deafness. Split-hand/foot malformation is a limb malformation involving the central rays of the autopod and presenting with syndactyly, median clefts of the hands and feet, and aplasia and/or hypoplasia of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals. Some patients have been found to have mental retardation, ectodermal and craniofacial findings, and orofacial clefting.
[DLX5_HUMAN] Transcriptional factor involved in bone development. Acts as an immediate early BMP-responsive transcriptional activator essential for osteoblast differentiation. Stimulates ALPL promoter activity in a RUNX2-independent manner during osteoblast differentiation. Stimulates SP7 promoter activity during osteoblast differentiation. Promotes cell proliferation by up-regulating MYC promoter activity. Involved as a positive regulator of both chondrogenesis and chondrocyte hypertrophy in the endochondral skeleton. Binds to the homeodomain-response element of the ALPL and SP7 promoter. Binds to the MYC promoter. Requires the 5'-TAATTA-3' consensus sequence for DNA-binding.
↑ Shamseldin HE, Faden MA, Alashram W, Alkuraya FS. Identification of a novel DLX5 mutation in a family with autosomal recessive split hand and foot malformation. J Med Genet. 2012 Jan;49(1):16-20. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2011-100556. Epub 2011 , Nov 25. PMID:22121204 doi:10.1136/jmedgenet-2011-100556