Clusters of complement-type ligand-binding repeats (CRs) in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) family are thought to mediate the interactions with their various ligands. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE), a key ligand for cholesterol homeostasis, has been shown to interact with LDLR-related protein 1 (LRP) through these clusters. The segment comprising the receptor-binding portion of ApoE (residues 130-149) has been found to have a weak affinity for isolated CRs. We have fused this region of ApoE to a high-affinity CR from LRP (CR17) for structural elucidation of the complex. The interface reveals a motif that has previously been observed in CR domains with other binding partners, but with several novel features. Comparison to free CR17 reveals that very few structural changes result from this binding event, but significant changes in intrinsic dynamics are observed upon binding. NMR perturbation experiments suggest that this interface may be similar to several other ligand interactions with LDLRs.
Structure of the minimal interface between ApoE and LRP.,Guttman M, Prieto JH, Handel TM, Domaille PJ, Komives EA J Mol Biol. 2010 Apr 30;398(2):306-19. Epub 2010 Mar 19. PMID:20303980
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Guttman M, Prieto JH, Handel TM, Domaille PJ, Komives EA. Structure of the minimal interface between ApoE and LRP. J Mol Biol. 2010 Apr 30;398(2):306-19. Epub 2010 Mar 19. PMID:20303980 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2010.03.022