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2lsk

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2lsk, 20 NMR models ()
Related: 2lsy


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

C-terminal domain of human REV1 in complex with DNA-polymerase H (eta)

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Rev1 is a translesion synthesis (TLS) DNA polymerase essential for DNA damage tolerance in eukaryotes. In the process of TLS stalled high-fidelity replicative DNA polymerases are temporarily replaced by specialized TLS enzymes that can bypass sites of DNA damage (lesions), thus allowing replication to continue or postreplicational gaps to be filled. Despite its limited catalytic activity, human Rev1 plays a key role in TLS by serving as a scaffold that provides an access of Y-family TLS polymerases poleta, iota, and kappa to their cognate DNA lesions and facilitates their subsequent exchange to polzeta that extends the distorted DNA primer-template. Rev1 interaction with the other major human TLS polymerases, poleta, iota, kappa and the regulatory subunit Rev7 of polzeta, is mediated by Rev1 C-terminal domain (Rev1-CT). We used NMR spectroscopy to determine the spatial structure of the Rev1-CT domain (residues 1157-1251) and its complex with Rev1 interacting region (RIR) from poleta (residues 524-539). The domain forms a four-helix bundle with a well-structured N-terminal beta-hairpin docking against helices 1 and 2, creating a binding pocket for the two conserved Phe residues of the RIR motif that upon binding folds into an alpha-helix. NMR spin-relaxation and NMR relaxation dispersion measurements suggest that free Rev1-CT and Rev1-CT/poleta-RIR complex exhibit mus-ms conformational dynamics encompassing the RIR binding site, which might facilitate selection of the molecular configuration optimal for binding. These results offer new insights into the control of TLS in human cells by providing a structural basis for understanding the recognition of the Rev1-CT by Y-family DNA polymerases.

NMR Structure and Dynamics of the C-terminal Domain from Human Rev1 and its Complex with Rev1 Interacting Region of DNA Polymerase eta, Pozhidaeva A, Pustovalova Y, D'Souza S, Bezsonova I, Walker GC, Korzhnev DM, Biochemistry. 2012 Jun 13. PMID:22691049

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[POLH_HUMAN] Defects in POLH are the cause of xeroderma pigmentosum variant type (XPV) [MIM:278750]; also designated as XP-V. Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is an autosomal recessive disease due to deficient nucleotide excision repair. It is characterized by hypersensitivity of the skin to sunlight, followed by high incidence of skin cancer and frequent neurologic abnormalities. XPV shows normal nucleotide excision repair, but an exaggerated delay in recovery of replicative DNA synthesis. Most XPV patients do not develop clinical symptoms and skin neoplasias until a later age. Clinical manifestations are limited to photo-induced deterioration of the skin and eyes.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

Function

[REV1_HUMAN] Deoxycytidyl transferase involved in DNA repair. Transfers a dCMP residue from dCTP to the 3'-end of a DNA primer in a template-dependent reaction. May assist in the first step in the bypass of abasic lesions by the insertion of a nucleotide opposite the lesion. Required for normal induction of mutations by physical and chemical agents.[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [POLH_HUMAN] DNA polymerase specifically involved in DNA repair. Plays an important role in translesion synthesis, where the normal high fidelity DNA polymerases cannot proceed and DNA synthesis stalls. Plays an important role in the repair of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers. Depending on the context, it inserts the correct base, but causes frequent base transitions and transversions. May play a role in hypermutation at immunoglobulin genes. Forms a Schiff base with 5'-deoxyribose phosphate at abasic sites, but does not have lyase activity. Targets POLI to replication foci.[11] [12] [13] [14] [15]

About this Structure

2lsk is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Pozhidaeva A, Pustovalova Y, D'Souza S, Bezsonova I, Walker GC, Korzhnev DM. NMR Structure and Dynamics of the C-terminal Domain from Human Rev1 and its Complex with Rev1 Interacting Region of DNA Polymerase eta Biochemistry. 2012 Jun 13. PMID:22691049 doi:10.1021/bi300566z
  1. Masutani C, Kusumoto R, Yamada A, Dohmae N, Yokoi M, Yuasa M, Araki M, Iwai S, Takio K, Hanaoka F. The XPV (xeroderma pigmentosum variant) gene encodes human DNA polymerase eta. Nature. 1999 Jun 17;399(6737):700-4. PMID:10385124 doi:10.1038/21447
  2. Johnson RE, Kondratick CM, Prakash S, Prakash L. hRAD30 mutations in the variant form of xeroderma pigmentosum. Science. 1999 Jul 9;285(5425):263-5. PMID:10398605
  3. Yuasa M, Masutani C, Eki T, Hanaoka F. Genomic structure, chromosomal localization and identification of mutations in the xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XPV) gene. Oncogene. 2000 Sep 28;19(41):4721-8. PMID:11032022 doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1203842
  4. Itoh T, Linn S, Kamide R, Tokushige H, Katori N, Hosaka Y, Yamaizumi M. Xeroderma pigmentosum variant heterozygotes show reduced levels of recovery of replicative DNA synthesis in the presence of caffeine after ultraviolet irradiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Dec;115(6):981-5. PMID:11121129 doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00154.x
  5. Broughton BC, Cordonnier A, Kleijer WJ, Jaspers NG, Fawcett H, Raams A, Garritsen VH, Stary A, Avril MF, Boudsocq F, Masutani C, Hanaoka F, Fuchs RP, Sarasin A, Lehmann AR. Molecular analysis of mutations in DNA polymerase eta in xeroderma pigmentosum-variant patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jan 22;99(2):815-20. Epub 2002 Jan 2. PMID:11773631 doi:10.1073/pnas.022473899
  6. Lin W, Xin H, Zhang Y, Wu X, Yuan F, Wang Z. The human REV1 gene codes for a DNA template-dependent dCMP transferase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Nov 15;27(22):4468-75. PMID:10536157
  7. Gibbs PE, Wang XD, Li Z, McManus TP, McGregor WG, Lawrence CW, Maher VM. The function of the human homolog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae REV1 is required for mutagenesis induced by UV light. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Apr 11;97(8):4186-91. PMID:10760286
  8. Masuda Y, Takahashi M, Tsunekuni N, Minami T, Sumii M, Miyagawa K, Kamiya K. Deoxycytidyl transferase activity of the human REV1 protein is closely associated with the conserved polymerase domain. J Biol Chem. 2001 May 4;276(18):15051-8. Epub 2001 Jan 22. PMID:11278384 doi:10.1074/jbc.M008082200
  9. Murakumo Y, Ogura Y, Ishii H, Numata S, Ichihara M, Croce CM, Fishel R, Takahashi M. Interactions in the error-prone postreplication repair proteins hREV1, hREV3, and hREV7. J Biol Chem. 2001 Sep 21;276(38):35644-51. Epub 2001 Aug 2. PMID:11485998 doi:10.1074/jbc.M102051200
  10. Kim H, Yang K, Dejsuphong D, D'Andrea AD. Regulation of Rev1 by the Fanconi anemia core complex. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2012 Jan 22;19(2):164-70. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2222. PMID:22266823 doi:10.1038/nsmb.2222
  11. Masutani C, Kusumoto R, Yamada A, Dohmae N, Yokoi M, Yuasa M, Araki M, Iwai S, Takio K, Hanaoka F. The XPV (xeroderma pigmentosum variant) gene encodes human DNA polymerase eta. Nature. 1999 Jun 17;399(6737):700-4. PMID:10385124 doi:10.1038/21447
  12. Glick E, Vigna KL, Loeb LA. Mutations in human DNA polymerase eta motif II alter bypass of DNA lesions. EMBO J. 2001 Dec 17;20(24):7303-12. PMID:11743006 doi:10.1093/emboj/20.24.7303
  13. Zeng X, Winter DB, Kasmer C, Kraemer KH, Lehmann AR, Gearhart PJ. DNA polymerase eta is an A-T mutator in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin variable genes. Nat Immunol. 2001 Jun;2(6):537-41. PMID:11376341 doi:10.1038/88740
  14. Haracska L, Prakash L, Prakash S. A mechanism for the exclusion of low-fidelity human Y-family DNA polymerases from base excision repair. Genes Dev. 2003 Nov 15;17(22):2777-85. PMID:14630940 doi:10.1101/gad.1146103
  15. Faili A, Aoufouchi S, Weller S, Vuillier F, Stary A, Sarasin A, Reynaud CA, Weill JC. DNA polymerase eta is involved in hypermutation occurring during immunoglobulin class switch recombination. J Exp Med. 2004 Jan 19;199(2):265-70. PMID:14734526 doi:10.1084/jem.20031831

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