Molecular playground/beta 2 microglobulin
|Human beta-2 microglobulin, 2f8o|
|Gene:||B2M (Homo sapiens)|
Banner: Beta-2 microglobulin is a 12 kDa protein sub-unit of the class I major histocompatibility complex, and in dialysis patients, it forms amyloid fibrils in a condition known as dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA).
DRA is a complication of dialysis treatment in which these fibrils build up in joints causing pain and often eventually necessitating joint replacement. beta-2-microglobulin can self-assemble into amyloid fibrils under physiological conditions in vitro when copper is present.
Fibril assembly begins with the formation of a . Dimer formation is initiated when copper binds near the , copper binding causes structural changes throughout the protein, creating two new . These planes interact in an antiparallel fashion forming the dimer.
3D structures of β-2 microglobulin
For additional information, see: Metabolic Disorders