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1czz, resolution 2.70Å ()
Non-Standard Residues:
Related: 1ca4, 1ca9, 1czy, 1d00, 1d01, 1d0j, 1d0a
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Publication Abstract from PubMed

Many members of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily initiate intracellular signaling by recruiting TNFR-associated factors (TRAFs) through their cytoplasmic tails. TRAFs apparently recognize highly diverse receptor sequences. Crystal structures of the TRAF domain of human TRAF2 in complex with peptides from the TNFR family members CD40, CD30, Ox40, 4-1BB, and the EBV oncoprotein LMP1 revealed a conserved binding mode. A major TRAF2-binding consensus sequence, (P/S/A/T)x(Q/E)E, and a minor consensus motif, PxQxxD, can be defined from the structural analysis, which encompass all known TRAF2-binding sequences. The structural information provides a template for the further dissection of receptor binding specificity of TRAF2 and for the understanding of the complexity of TRAF-mediated signal transduction.

The structural basis for the recognition of diverse receptor sequences by TRAF2., Ye H, Park YC, Kreishman M, Kieff E, Wu H, Mol Cell. 1999 Sep;4(3):321-30. PMID:10518213

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


[TNR5_HUMAN] Defects in CD40 are the cause of immunodeficiency with hyper-IgM type 3 (HIGM3) [MIM:606843]. A rare immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels with absence of IgG, IgA, and IgE. It results in a profound susceptibility to bacterial infections.[1]


[TRAF2_HUMAN] Regulates activation of NF-kappa-B and JNK and plays a central role in the regulation of cell survival and apoptosis. Required for normal antibody isotype switching from IgM to IgG. Has E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity and promotes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination of target proteins, such as BIRC3, RIPK1 and TICAM1. Is an essential constituent of several E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes, where it promotes the ubiquitination of target proteins by bringing them into contact with other E3 ubiquitin ligases. Regulates BIRC2 and BIRC3 protein levels by inhibiting their autoubiquitination and subsequent degradation; this does not depend on the TRAF2 RING-type zinc finger domain.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] [TNR5_HUMAN] Receptor for TNFSF5/CD40LG.

About this Structure

1czz is a 5 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.


  • Ye H, Park YC, Kreishman M, Kieff E, Wu H. The structural basis for the recognition of diverse receptor sequences by TRAF2. Mol Cell. 1999 Sep;4(3):321-30. PMID:10518213
  1. Ferrari S, Giliani S, Insalaco A, Al-Ghonaium A, Soresina AR, Loubser M, Avanzini MA, Marconi M, Badolato R, Ugazio AG, Levy Y, Catalan N, Durandy A, Tbakhi A, Notarangelo LD, Plebani A. Mutations of CD40 gene cause an autosomal recessive form of immunodeficiency with hyper IgM. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Oct 23;98(22):12614-9. PMID:11675497 doi:10.1073/pnas.221456898
  2. Baud V, Liu ZG, Bennett B, Suzuki N, Xia Y, Karin M. Signaling by proinflammatory cytokines: oligomerization of TRAF2 and TRAF6 is sufficient for JNK and IKK activation and target gene induction via an amino-terminal effector domain. Genes Dev. 1999 May 15;13(10):1297-308. PMID:10346818
  3. Li X, Yang Y, Ashwell JD. TNF-RII and c-IAP1 mediate ubiquitination and degradation of TRAF2. Nature. 2002 Mar 21;416(6878):345-7. PMID:11907583 doi:10.1038/416345a
  4. Trompouki E, Hatzivassiliou E, Tsichritzis T, Farmer H, Ashworth A, Mosialos G. CYLD is a deubiquitinating enzyme that negatively regulates NF-kappaB activation by TNFR family members. Nature. 2003 Aug 14;424(6950):793-6. PMID:12917689 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01803
  5. He L, Grammer AC, Wu X, Lipsky PE. TRAF3 forms heterotrimers with TRAF2 and modulates its ability to mediate NF-{kappa}B activation. J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 31;279(53):55855-65. Epub 2004 Sep 21. PMID:15383523 doi:10.1074/jbc.M407284200
  6. Csomos RA, Brady GF, Duckett CS. Enhanced cytoprotective effects of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein cellular IAP1 through stabilization with TRAF2. J Biol Chem. 2009 Jul 31;284(31):20531-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.029983. Epub 2009, Jun 8. PMID:19506082 doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.029983
  7. Li S, Wang L, Dorf ME. PKC phosphorylation of TRAF2 mediates IKKalpha/beta recruitment and K63-linked polyubiquitination. Mol Cell. 2009 Jan 16;33(1):30-42. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.11.023. PMID:19150425 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2008.11.023
  8. Blackwell K, Zhang L, Thomas GS, Sun S, Nakano H, Habelhah H. TRAF2 phosphorylation modulates tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced gene expression and cell resistance to apoptosis. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Jan;29(2):303-14. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00699-08. Epub 2008 Nov 3. PMID:18981220 doi:10.1128/MCB.00699-08
  9. Sondarva G, Kundu CN, Mehrotra S, Mishra R, Rangasamy V, Sathyanarayana P, Ray RS, Rana B, Rana A. TRAF2-MLK3 interaction is essential for TNF-alpha-induced MLK3 activation. Cell Res. 2010 Jan;20(1):89-98. doi: 10.1038/cr.2009.125. Epub 2009 Nov 17. PMID:19918265 doi:10.1038/cr.2009.125
  10. Zhang L, Blackwell K, Shi Z, Habelhah H. The RING domain of TRAF2 plays an essential role in the inhibition of TNFalpha-induced cell death but not in the activation of NF-kappaB. J Mol Biol. 2010 Feb 26;396(3):528-39. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.01.008. Epub 2010 , Jan 11. PMID:20064526 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2010.01.008
  11. Li S, Lu K, Wang J, An L, Yang G, Chen H, Cui Y, Yin X, Xie P, Xing G, He F, Zhang L. Ubiquitin ligase Smurf1 targets TRAF family proteins for ubiquitination and degradation. Mol Cell Biochem. 2010 May;338(1-2):11-7. doi: 10.1007/s11010-009-0315-y. Epub, 2009 Nov 24. PMID:19937093 doi:10.1007/s11010-009-0315-y
  12. Sasai M, Tatematsu M, Oshiumi H, Funami K, Matsumoto M, Hatakeyama S, Seya T. Direct binding of TRAF2 and TRAF6 to TICAM-1/TRIF adaptor participates in activation of the Toll-like receptor 3/4 pathway. Mol Immunol. 2010 Mar;47(6):1283-91. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2009.12.002. Epub 2010, Jan 4. PMID:20047764 doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2009.12.002
  13. Alvarez SE, Harikumar KB, Hait NC, Allegood J, Strub GM, Kim EY, Maceyka M, Jiang H, Luo C, Kordula T, Milstien S, Spiegel S. Sphingosine-1-phosphate is a missing cofactor for the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRAF2. Nature. 2010 Jun 24;465(7301):1084-8. doi: 10.1038/nature09128. PMID:20577214 doi:10.1038/nature09128
  14. Yin Q, Lamothe B, Darnay BG, Wu H. Structural basis for the lack of E2 interaction in the RING domain of TRAF2. Biochemistry. 2009 Nov 10;48(44):10558-67. PMID:19810754 doi:10.1021/bi901462e
  15. Zheng C, Kabaleeswaran V, Wang Y, Cheng G, Wu H. Crystal structures of the TRAF2: cIAP2 and the TRAF1: TRAF2: cIAP2 complexes: affinity, specificity, and regulation. Mol Cell. 2010 Apr 9;38(1):101-13. PMID:20385093 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2010.03.009

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