[CATA_HUMAN] Defects in CAT are the cause of acatalasemia (ACATLAS) [MIM:614097]. A metabolic disorder characterized by absence of catalase activity in red cells and is often associated with ulcerating oral lesions.
[CATA_HUMAN] Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells including T-cells, B-cells, myeloid leukemia cells, melanoma cells, mastocytoma cells and normal and transformed fibroblast cells.
The structure of catalase from human erythrocytes (HEC) was determined in tetragonal crystals of space group I4(1) by molecular-replacement methods, using the orthorhombic crystal structure as a search model. It was then refined in a unit cell of dimensions a = b = 203.6 and c = 144.6 A, yielding R and R(free) of 0.196 and 0.244, respectively, for all data at 2.4 A resolution. A major difference of the HEC structure in the tetragonal crystal compared with the orthorhombic structure was the omission of a 20-residue N-terminal segment corresponding to the first exon of the human catalase gene. The overall structures were otherwise identical in both crystal forms. The NADPH-binding sites were empty in all four subunits and bound water molecules were observed at the active sites. The structure of the C-terminal segment, which corresponds to the last exon, remained undetermined. The tetragonal crystals showed a pseudo-4(1)22 symmetry in molecular packing. Two similar types of lattice contact interfaces between the HEC tetramers were observed; they were related by the pseudo-dyad axes.
Structure of tetragonal crystals of human erythrocyte catalase.,Safo MK, Musayev FN, Wu SH, Abraham DJ, Ko TP Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2001 Jan;57(Pt 1):1-7. PMID:11134921
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Takeuchi A, Miyamoto T, Yamaji K, Masuho Y, Hayashi M, Hayashi H, Onozaki K. A human erythrocyte-derived growth-promoting factor with a wide target cell spectrum: identification as catalase. Cancer Res. 1995 Apr 1;55(7):1586-9. PMID:7882369
↑ Safo MK, Musayev FN, Wu SH, Abraham DJ, Ko TP. Structure of tetragonal crystals of human erythrocyte catalase. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2001 Jan;57(Pt 1):1-7. PMID:11134921