|1f4j, resolution 2.40Å ()|
STRUCTURE OF TETRAGONAL CRYSTALS OF HUMAN ERYTHROCYTE CATALASE
The structure of catalase from human erythrocytes (HEC) was determined in tetragonal crystals of space group I4(1) by molecular-replacement methods, using the orthorhombic crystal structure as a search model. It was then refined in a unit cell of dimensions a = b = 203.6 and c = 144.6 A, yielding R and R(free) of 0.196 and 0.244, respectively, for all data at 2.4 A resolution. A major difference of the HEC structure in the tetragonal crystal compared with the orthorhombic structure was the omission of a 20-residue N-terminal segment corresponding to the first exon of the human catalase gene. The overall structures were otherwise identical in both crystal forms. The NADPH-binding sites were empty in all four subunits and bound water molecules were observed at the active sites. The structure of the C-terminal segment, which corresponds to the last exon, remained undetermined. The tetragonal crystals showed a pseudo-4(1)22 symmetry in molecular packing. Two similar types of lattice contact interfaces between the HEC tetramers were observed; they were related by the pseudo-dyad axes.
Structure of tetragonal crystals of human erythrocyte catalase., Safo MK, Musayev FN, Wu SH, Abraham DJ, Ko TP, Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2001 Jan;57(Pt 1):1-7. PMID:11134921
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[CATA_HUMAN] Defects in CAT are the cause of acatalasemia (ACATLAS) [MIM:614097]. A metabolic disorder characterized by absence of catalase activity in red cells and is often associated with ulcerating oral lesions.
[CATA_HUMAN] Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells including T-cells, B-cells, myeloid leukemia cells, melanoma cells, mastocytoma cells and normal and transformed fibroblast cells.
About this Structure
- Safo MK, Musayev FN, Wu SH, Abraham DJ, Ko TP. Structure of tetragonal crystals of human erythrocyte catalase. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2001 Jan;57(Pt 1):1-7. PMID:11134921
- ↑ Wen JK, Osumi T, Hashimoto T, Ogata M. Molecular analysis of human acatalasemia. Identification of a splicing mutation. J Mol Biol. 1990 Jan 20;211(2):383-93. PMID:2308162 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(90)90359-T
- ↑ Takeuchi A, Miyamoto T, Yamaji K, Masuho Y, Hayashi M, Hayashi H, Onozaki K. A human erythrocyte-derived growth-promoting factor with a wide target cell spectrum: identification as catalase. Cancer Res. 1995 Apr 1;55(7):1586-9. PMID:7882369