[NCF4_HUMAN] Defects in NCF4 are the cause of chronic granulomatous disease autosomal recessive cytochrome-b-positive type 3 (CGD3) [MIM:613960]. CGD3 is a disorder characterized by the inability of neutrophils and phagocytes to kill microbes that they have ingested. Patients suffer from life-threatening bacterial/fungal infections.
[NCF4_HUMAN] Component of the NADPH-oxidase, a multicomponent enzyme system responsible for the oxidative burst in which electrons are transported from NADPH to molecular oxygen, generating reactive oxidant intermediates. It may be important for the assembly and/or activation of the NADPH-oxidase complex.
More than 50 human proteins with a wide range of functions have a 120 residue phosphoinositide binding module known as the PX domain. The 1.7 A X-ray crystal structure of the PX domain from the p40(phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase bound to PtdIns(3)P shows that the PX domain embraces the 3-phosphate on one side of a water-filled, positively charged pocket and reveals how 3-phosphoinositide specificity is achieved. A chronic granulomatous disease (CGD)-associated mutation in the p47(phox) PX domain that abrogates PtdIns(3)P binding maps to a conserved Arg that does not directly interact with the phosphoinositide but instead appears to stabilize a critical lipid binding loop. The SH3 domain present in the full-length protein does not affect soluble PtdIns(3)P binding to the p40(phox) PX domain.
The crystal structure of the PX domain from p40(phox) bound to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate.,Bravo J, Karathanassis D, Pacold CM, Pacold ME, Ellson CD, Anderson KE, Butler PJ, Lavenir I, Perisic O, Hawkins PT, Stephens L, Williams RL Mol Cell. 2001 Oct;8(4):829-39. PMID:11684018
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Matute JD, Arias AA, Wright NA, Wrobel I, Waterhouse CC, Li XJ, Marchal CC, Stull ND, Lewis DB, Steele M, Kellner JD, Yu W, Meroueh SO, Nauseef WM, Dinauer MC. A new genetic subgroup of chronic granulomatous disease with autosomal recessive mutations in p40 phox and selective defects in neutrophil NADPH oxidase activity. Blood. 2009 Oct 8;114(15):3309-15. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-07-231498. Epub 2009, Aug 19. PMID:19692703 doi:10.1182/blood-2009-07-231498
↑ Bravo J, Karathanassis D, Pacold CM, Pacold ME, Ellson CD, Anderson KE, Butler PJ, Lavenir I, Perisic O, Hawkins PT, Stephens L, Williams RL. The crystal structure of the PX domain from p40(phox) bound to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Mol Cell. 2001 Oct;8(4):829-39. PMID:11684018