HUMAN INDUCIBLE NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE, ZN-BOUND, L-ARG COMPLEX
[NOS2_HUMAN] Produces nitric oxide (NO) which is a messenger molecule with diverse functions throughout the body. In macrophages, NO mediates tumoricidal and bactericidal actions. Also has nitrosylase activity and mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of cytoplasmic target proteins such COX2.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The crystal structures of the heme domain of human inducible nitric-oxide synthase (NOS-2) in zinc-free and -bound states have been solved. In the zinc-free structure, two symmetry-related cysteine residues form a disulfide bond. In the zinc-bound state, these same two cysteine residues form part of a zinc-tetrathiolate (ZnS(4)) center indistinguishable from that observed in the endothelial isoform (NOS-3). As in NOS-3, ZnS(4) plays a key role in stabilizing intersubunit contacts and in maintaining the integrity of the cofactor (tetrahydrobiopterin) binding site of NOS-2. A comparison of NOS-2 and NOS-3 structures illustrates the conservation of quaternary structure, tertiary topology, and substrate and cofactor binding sites, in addition to providing insights on isoform-specific inhibitor design. The structural comparison also reveals that pterin binding does not preferentially stabilize the dimer interface of NOS-2 over NOS-3.
Crystal structures of zinc-free and -bound heme domain of human inducible nitric-oxide synthase. Implications for dimer stability and comparison with endothelial nitric-oxide synthase.,Li H, Raman CS, Glaser CB, Blasko E, Young TA, Parkinson JF, Whitlow M, Poulos TL J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 23;274(30):21276-84. PMID:10409685
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.