[NCF4_HUMAN] Defects in NCF4 are the cause of chronic granulomatous disease autosomal recessive cytochrome-b-positive type 3 (CGD3) [MIM:613960]. CGD3 is a disorder characterized by the inability of neutrophils and phagocytes to kill microbes that they have ingested. Patients suffer from life-threatening bacterial/fungal infections.
[NCF4_HUMAN] Component of the NADPH-oxidase, a multicomponent enzyme system responsible for the oxidative burst in which electrons are transported from NADPH to molecular oxygen, generating reactive oxidant intermediates. It may be important for the assembly and/or activation of the NADPH-oxidase complex.
Maximal activation of NADPH oxidase requires formation of a complex between the p40(phox) and p67(phox) subunits via association of their PB1 domains. We have determined the crystal structure of the p40(phox)/p67(phox) PB1 heterodimer, which reveals that both domains have a beta grasp topology and that they bind in a front-to-back arrangement through conserved electrostatic interactions between an acidic OPCA motif on p40(phox) and basic residues in p67(phox). The structure enabled us to identify residues critical for heterodimerization among other members of the PB1 domain family, including the atypical protein kinase C zeta (PKC zeta) and its partners Par6 and p62 (ZIP, sequestosome). Both Par6 and p62 use their basic "back" to interact with the OPCA motif on the "front" of the PKC zeta. Besides heterodimeric interactions, some PB1 domains, like the p62 PB1, can make homotypic front-to-back arrays.
PB1 domain-mediated heterodimerization in NADPH oxidase and signaling complexes of atypical protein kinase C with Par6 and p62.,Wilson MI, Gill DJ, Perisic O, Quinn MT, Williams RL Mol Cell. 2003 Jul;12(1):39-50. PMID:12887891
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Matute JD, Arias AA, Wright NA, Wrobel I, Waterhouse CC, Li XJ, Marchal CC, Stull ND, Lewis DB, Steele M, Kellner JD, Yu W, Meroueh SO, Nauseef WM, Dinauer MC. A new genetic subgroup of chronic granulomatous disease with autosomal recessive mutations in p40 phox and selective defects in neutrophil NADPH oxidase activity. Blood. 2009 Oct 8;114(15):3309-15. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-07-231498. Epub 2009, Aug 19. PMID:19692703 doi:10.1182/blood-2009-07-231498
↑ Wilson MI, Gill DJ, Perisic O, Quinn MT, Williams RL. PB1 domain-mediated heterodimerization in NADPH oxidase and signaling complexes of atypical protein kinase C with Par6 and p62. Mol Cell. 2003 Jul;12(1):39-50. PMID:12887891