[KCNA2_RAT] Mediates the voltage-dependent potassium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Assuming opened or closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane, the protein forms a potassium-selective channel through which potassium ions may pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient.
Kv voltage-gated potassium channels share a cytoplasmic assembly domain, T1. Recent mutagenesis of two T1 C-terminal loop residues implicates T1 in channel gating. However, structural alterations of these mutants leave open the question concerning direct involvement of T1 in gating. We find in mammalian Kv1.2 that gating depends critically on residues at complementary T1 surfaces in an unusually polar interface. An isosteric mutation in this interface causes surprisingly little structural alteration while stabilizing the closed channel and increasing the stability of T1 tetramers. Replacing T1 with a tetrameric coiled-coil destabilizes the closed channel. Together, these data suggest that structural changes involving the buried polar T1 surfaces play a key role in the conformational changes leading to channel opening.
The polar T1 interface is linked to conformational changes that open the voltage-gated potassium channel.,Minor DL, Lin YF, Mobley BC, Avelar A, Jan YN, Jan LY, Berger JM Cell. 2000 Sep 1;102(5):657-70. PMID:11007484
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Lev S, Moreno H, Martinez R, Canoll P, Peles E, Musacchio JM, Plowman GD, Rudy B, Schlessinger J. Protein tyrosine kinase PYK2 involved in Ca(2+)-induced regulation of ion channel and MAP kinase functions. Nature. 1995 Aug 31;376(6543):737-45. PMID:7544443 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/376737a0
↑ Minor DL, Lin YF, Mobley BC, Avelar A, Jan YN, Jan LY, Berger JM. The polar T1 interface is linked to conformational changes that open the voltage-gated potassium channel. Cell. 2000 Sep 1;102(5):657-70. PMID:11007484