1ra6

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1ra6, resolution 2.00Å ()
Ligands:
Non-Standard Residues:
Gene: 3D (Human poliovirus 1)
Activity: RNA-directed RNA polymerase, with EC number 2.7.7.48
Related: 1rdr, 1ra7, 1raj, 1tql
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Poliovirus Polymerase Full Length Apo Structure

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The active RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of poliovirus, 3Dpol, is generated by cleavage of the 3CDpro precursor protein, a protease that has no polymerase activity despite containing the entire polymerase domain. By intentionally disrupting a known and persistent crystal packing interaction, we have crystallized the poliovirus polymerase in a new space group and solved the complete structure of the protein at 2.0 A resolution. It shows that the N-terminus of fully processed 3Dpol is buried in a surface pocket where it makes hydrogen bonds that act to position Asp238 in the active site. Asp238 is an essential residue that selects for the 2' OH group of substrate rNTPs, as shown by a 2.35 A structure of a 3Dpol-GTP complex. Mutational, biochemical, and structural data further demonstrate that 3Dpol activity is exquisitely sensitive to mutations at the N-terminus. This sensitivity is the result of allosteric effects where the structure around the buried N-terminus directly affects the positioning of Asp238 in the active site.

Structural basis for proteolysis-dependent activation of the poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase., Thompson AA, Peersen OB, EMBO J. 2004 Sep 1;23(17):3462-71. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15306852

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

1ra6 is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Human poliovirus 1. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Thompson AA, Peersen OB. Structural basis for proteolysis-dependent activation of the poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. EMBO J. 2004 Sep 1;23(17):3462-71. Epub 2004 Aug 12. PMID:15306852 doi:10.1038/sj.emboj.7600357

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