[TF3A_XENLA] Acts as both a positive transcription factor for 5S RNA genes and a specific RNA binding protein that complexes with 5S RNA in oocytes to form the 7S ribonucleoprotein storage particle. May play an essential role in the developmental change in 5S RNA gene expression. Interacts with the internal control region (ICR) of approximately 50 bases within the 5S RNA genes, is required for correct transcription of these genes by RNA polymerase III. Also binds the transcribed 5S RNA's.
The crystal structure of the six NH2-terminal zinc fingers of Xenopus laevis transcription factor IIIA (TFIIIA) bound with 31 bp of the 5S rRNA gene promoter has been determined at 3.1 A resolution. Individual zinc fingers are positioned differently in the major groove and across the minor groove of DNA to span the entire length of the duplex. These results show how TFIIIA can recognize several separated DNA sequences by using fewer fingers than necessary for continuous winding in the major groove.
Differing roles for zinc fingers in DNA recognition: structure of a six-finger transcription factor IIIA complex.,Nolte RT, Conlin RM, Harrison SC, Brown RS Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 17;95(6):2938-43. PMID:9501194
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Nolte RT, Conlin RM, Harrison SC, Brown RS. Differing roles for zinc fingers in DNA recognition: structure of a six-finger transcription factor IIIA complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 17;95(6):2938-43. PMID:9501194