|1uch, resolution 1.80Å ()|
DEUBIQUITINATING ENZYME UCH-L3 (HUMAN) AT 1.8 ANGSTROM RESOLUTION
Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases catalyze the removal of adducts from the C-terminus of ubiquitin. We have determined the crystal structure of the recombinant human Ubiquitin C-terminal Hydrolase (UCH-L3) by X-ray crystallography at 1.8 A resolution. The structure is comprised of a central antiparallel beta-sheet flanked on both sides by alpha-helices. The beta-sheet and one of the helices resemble the well-known papain-like cysteine proteases, with the greatest similarity to cathepsin B. This similarity includes the UCH-L3 active site catalytic triad of Cys95, His169 and Asp184, and the oxyanion hole residue Gln89. Papain and UCH-L3 differ, however, in strand and helix connectivity, which in the UCH-L3 structure includes a disordered 20 residue loop (residues 147-166) that is positioned over the active site and may function in the definition of substrate specificity. Based upon analogy with inhibitor complexes of the papain-like enzymes, we propose a model describing the binding of ubiquitin to UCH-L3. The UCH-L3 active site cleft appears to be masked in the unliganded structure by two different segments of the enzyme (residues 9-12 and 90-94), thus implying a conformational change upon substrate binding and suggesting a mechanism to limit non-specific hydrolysis.
Crystal structure of a deubiquitinating enzyme (human UCH-L3) at 1.8 A resolution., Johnston SC, Larsen CN, Cook WJ, Wilkinson KD, Hill CP, EMBO J. 1997 Jul 1;16(13):3787-96. PMID:9233788
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Johnston SC, Larsen CN, Cook WJ, Wilkinson KD, Hill CP. Crystal structure of a deubiquitinating enzyme (human UCH-L3) at 1.8 A resolution. EMBO J. 1997 Jul 1;16(13):3787-96. PMID:9233788 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/emboj/16.13.3787
- Sandelin E. On hydrophobicity and conformational specificity in proteins. Biophys J. 2004 Jan;86(1 Pt 1):23-30. PMID:14695246 doi:10.1016/S0006-3495(04)74080-1
- Ambroggio XI, Rees DC, Deshaies RJ. JAMM: a metalloprotease-like zinc site in the proteasome and signalosome. PLoS Biol. 2004 Jan;2(1):E2. Epub 2003 Nov 24. PMID:14737182 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020002