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|1x78, resolution 2.30Å ()|
|Gene:||ESR2, NR3A2, ESTRB (Homo sapiens)|
|Related:||1u3q, 1u3r, 1u3s, 1u9e, 1x76, 1x7b, 1x7j, 1x7r|
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ESTROGEN RECEPTOR BETA COMPLEXED WITH WAY-244
We present the structure-based optimization of a series of estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) selective ligands. X-ray cocrystal structures of these ligands complexed to both ERalpha and ERbeta are described. We also discuss how molecular modeling was used to take advantage of subtle differences between the two binding cavities in order to optimize selectivity for ERbeta over ERalpha. Quantum chemical calculations are utilized to gain insight into the mechanism of selectivity enhancement. Despite only two relatively conservative residue substitutions in the ligand binding pocket, the most selective compounds have greater than 100-fold selectivity for ERbeta relative to ERalpha when measured using a competitive radioligand binding assay.
Structure-based design of estrogen receptor-beta selective ligands., Manas ES, Unwalla RJ, Xu ZB, Malamas MS, Miller CP, Harris HA, Hsiao C, Akopian T, Hum WT, Malakian K, Wolfrom S, Bapat A, Bhat RA, Stahl ML, Somers WS, Alvarez JC, J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Nov 24;126(46):15106-19. PMID:15548008
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[ESR2_HUMAN] Nuclear hormone receptor. Binds estrogens with an affinity similar to that of ESR1, and activates expression of reporter genes containing estrogen response elements (ERE) in an estrogen-dependent manner. Isoform beta-cx lacks ligand binding ability and has no or only very low ere binding activity resulting in the loss of ligand-dependent transactivation ability. DNA-binding by ESR1 and ESR2 is rapidly lost at 37 degrees Celsius in the absence of ligand while in the presence of 17 beta-estradiol and 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen loss in DNA-binding at elevated temperature is more gradual.
About this Structure
- Manas ES, Unwalla RJ, Xu ZB, Malamas MS, Miller CP, Harris HA, Hsiao C, Akopian T, Hum WT, Malakian K, Wolfrom S, Bapat A, Bhat RA, Stahl ML, Somers WS, Alvarez JC. Structure-based design of estrogen receptor-beta selective ligands. J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Nov 24;126(46):15106-19. PMID:15548008 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja047633o