[ESR2_HUMAN] Nuclear hormone receptor. Binds estrogens with an affinity similar to that of ESR1, and activates expression of reporter genes containing estrogen response elements (ERE) in an estrogen-dependent manner. Isoform beta-cx lacks ligand binding ability and has no or only very low ere binding activity resulting in the loss of ligand-dependent transactivation ability. DNA-binding by ESR1 and ESR2 is rapidly lost at 37 degrees Celsius in the absence of ligand while in the presence of 17 beta-estradiol and 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen loss in DNA-binding at elevated temperature is more gradual.
The 2-phenylnaphthalene scaffold was explored as a simplified version of genistein in order to identify ER selective ligands. With the aid of docking studies, positions 1, 4, and 8 of the 2-phenylnaphthalene template were predicted to be the most potentially influential positions to enhance ER selectivity using two different binding orientations. Both orientations have the phenol moiety mimicking the A-ring of genistein. Several compounds predicted to adopt orientations similar to that of genistein when bound to ERbeta were observed to have slightly higher ER affinity and selectivity than genistein. The second orientation we exploited, which was different from that of genistein when bound to ERbeta, resulted in the discovery of several compounds that had superior ER selectivity and affinity versus genistein. X-ray structures of two ER selective compounds (i.e., 15 and 47) confirmed the alternate binding mode and suggested that substituents at positions 1 and 8 were responsible for inducing selectivity. One compound (i.e., 47, WAY-202196) was further examined and found to be effective in two models of inflammation, suggesting that targeting ER may be therapeutically useful in treating certain chronic inflammatory diseases.
ERbeta ligands. 3. Exploiting two binding orientations of the 2-phenylnaphthalene scaffold to achieve ERbeta selectivity.,Mewshaw RE, Edsall RJ Jr, Yang C, Manas ES, Xu ZB, Henderson RA, Keith JC Jr, Harris HA J Med Chem. 2005 Jun 16;48(12):3953-79. PMID:15943471
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Mewshaw RE, Edsall RJ Jr, Yang C, Manas ES, Xu ZB, Henderson RA, Keith JC Jr, Harris HA. ERbeta ligands. 3. Exploiting two binding orientations of the 2-phenylnaphthalene scaffold to achieve ERbeta selectivity. J Med Chem. 2005 Jun 16;48(12):3953-79. PMID:15943471 doi:10.1021/jm058173s