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2eyi

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2eyi, resolution 1.70Å ()
Gene: ACTN1 (Homo sapiens)
Related: 2eyn
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Crystal structure of the actin-binding domain of human alpha-actinin 1 at 1.7 Angstrom resolution

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Alpha-actinin belongs to the spectrin family of actin crosslinking and bundling proteins that function as key regulators of cell motility, morphology and adhesion. The actin-binding domain (ABD) of these proteins consists of two consecutive calponin homology (CH) domains. Electron microscopy studies on ABDs appear to support two competing actin-binding models, extended and compact, whereas the crystal structures typically display a compact conformation. We have determined the 1.7A resolution structure of the ABD of alpha-actinin 1, a ubiquitously expressed isoform. The structure displays the classical compact conformation. We evaluated the two binding models by surface conservation analysis. The results show a conserved surface that spans both domains and corresponds to two previously identified actin-binding sites (ABS2 and ABS3). A third, and probably less important site, ABS1, is mostly buried in the compact conformation. However, a thorough examination of existing structures suggests a weak and semi-polar binding interface between the two CHs, leaving open the possibility of domain reorientation or opening. Our results are consistent with a two-step binding mechanism in which the ABD interacts first in the compact form observed in the structures, and then transitions toward a higher affinity state, possibly through minor rearrangement of the domains.

Crystal structure of the actin-binding domain of alpha-actinin 1: evaluating two competing actin-binding models., Borrego-Diaz E, Kerff F, Lee SH, Ferron F, Li Y, Dominguez R, J Struct Biol. 2006 Aug;155(2):230-8. Epub 2006 Apr 25. PMID:16698282

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

2eyi is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Borrego-Diaz E, Kerff F, Lee SH, Ferron F, Li Y, Dominguez R. Crystal structure of the actin-binding domain of alpha-actinin 1: evaluating two competing actin-binding models. J Struct Biol. 2006 Aug;155(2):230-8. Epub 2006 Apr 25. PMID:16698282 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2006.01.013

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