[TR10B_HUMAN] Defects in TNFRSF10B may be a cause of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) [MIM:275355]; also known as squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
[TR10B_HUMAN] Receptor for the cytotoxic ligand TNFSF10/TRAIL. The adapter molecule FADD recruits caspase-8 to the activated receptor. The resulting death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) performs caspase-8 proteolytic activation which initiates the subsequent cascade of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases) mediating apoptosis. Promotes the activation of NF-kappa-B. Essential for ER stress-induced apoptosis.
The cell-extrinsic apoptotic pathway triggers programmed cell death in response to certain ligands that bind to cell-surface death receptors. Apoptosis is essential for normal development and homeostasis in metazoans, and furthermore, selective activation of the cell-extrinsic pathway in tumor cells holds considerable promise for cancer therapy. We used phage display to identify peptides and synthetic antibodies that specifically bind to the human proapoptotic death receptor DR5. Despite great differences in overall size and structure, the DR5-binding peptides and antibodies shared a tripeptide motif, which was conserved within a disulfide-constrained loop of the peptides and the third complementarity determining region of the antibody heavy chains. The X-ray crystal structure of an antibody in complex with DR5 revealed that the tripeptide motif is buried at the core of the interface, confirming its central role in antigen recognition. We found that certain peptides and antibodies exhibited potent proapoptotic activity against DR5-expressing SK-MES-1 lung carcinoma cells. These phage-derived ligands may be useful for elucidating DR5 activation at the molecular level and for creating synthetic agonists of proapoptotic death receptors.
Activation of the proapoptotic death receptor DR5 by oligomeric peptide and antibody agonists.,Li B, Russell SJ, Compaan DM, Totpal K, Marsters SA, Ashkenazi A, Cochran AG, Hymowitz SG, Sidhu SS J Mol Biol. 2006 Aug 18;361(3):522-36. Epub 2006 Jul 7. PMID:16859704
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Yamaguchi H, Wang HG. CHOP is involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis by enhancing DR5 expression in human carcinoma cells. J Biol Chem. 2004 Oct 29;279(44):45495-502. Epub 2004 Aug 18. PMID:15322075 doi:10.1074/jbc.M406933200
↑ Li B, Russell SJ, Compaan DM, Totpal K, Marsters SA, Ashkenazi A, Cochran AG, Hymowitz SG, Sidhu SS. Activation of the proapoptotic death receptor DR5 by oligomeric peptide and antibody agonists. J Mol Biol. 2006 Aug 18;361(3):522-36. Epub 2006 Jul 7. PMID:16859704 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2006.06.042