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|2ihu, resolution 2.05Å ()|
|Ligands:||, , , , ,|
|Gene:||ceas2 (Streptomyces clavuligerus)|
Carboxyethylarginine synthase from Streptomyces clavuligerus: putative reaction intermediate complex
N(2)-(2-Carboxyethyl)arginine synthase (CEAS), an unusual thiamin diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzyme, catalyses the committed step in the biosynthesis of the b-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid in Streptomyces clavuligerus. Crystal structures of tetrameric CEAS-ThDP in complex with the substrate analogues 5-guanidinovaleric acid (GVA) and tartrate, and a structure reflecting a possible enol(ate)-ThDP reaction intermediate are described. The structures suggest overlapping binding sites for the substrates D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (D-G3P) and L-arginine, and are consistent with the proposed CEAS mechanism in which D-G3P binds at the active site and reacts to form an alpha,beta-unsaturated intermediate,which subsequently undergoes (1,4)-Michael addition with the alpha-amino group of L-arginine. Additional solution studies are presented which probe the amino acid substrate tolerance of CEAS, providing further insight into the L-arginine binding site. These findings may facilitate the engineering of CEAS towards the synthesis of alternative beta-amino acid products.
Structural and mechanistic studies on N(2)-(2-carboxyethyl)arginine synthase., Caines ME, Sorensen JL, Schofield CJ, Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Aug 7;385(4):512-7. Epub 2009 May 27. PMID:19477162
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.