First time at Proteopedia? Click on the green links: they change the 3D image. Click and drag the molecules. Proteopedia is a 3D, interactive encyclopedia of proteins, RNA, DNA and other molecules. With a free user account, you can edit pages in Proteopedia. Visit the Main Page to learn more.

2o1f

From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search


2o1f, resolution 1.99Å ()
Ligands:
Gene: ABO (Homo sapiens)
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, PDBsum, RCSB
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Contents

Natural Occuring Mutation of Human ABO(H) galactosyltransferase: GTB/M214R

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Human blood group A and B antigens are produced by two closely related glycosyltransferase enzymes. An N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GTA) utilizes UDP-GalNAc to extend H antigen acceptors (Fuc alpha(1-2)Gal beta-OR) producing A antigens, whereas a galactosyltransferase (GTB) utilizes UDP-Gal as a donor to extend H structures producing B antigens. GTA and GTB have a characteristic (211)DVD(213) motif that coordinates to a Mn(2+) ion shown to be critical in donor binding and catalysis. Three GTB mutants, M214V, M214T, and M214R, with alterations adjacent to the (211)DVD(213) motif have been identified in blood banking laboratories. From serological phenotyping, individuals with the M214R mutation show the B(el) variant expressing very low levels of B antigens, whereas those with M214T and M214V mutations give rise to A(weak)B phenotypes. Kinetic analysis of recombinant mutant GTB enzymes revealed that M214R has a 1200-fold decrease in k(cat) compared with wild type GTB. The crystal structure of M214R showed that DVD motif coordination to Mn(2+) was disrupted by Arg-214 causing displacement of the metal by a water molecule. Kinetic characterizations of the M214T and M214V mutants revealed they both had GTA and GTB activity consistent with the serology. The crystal structure of the M214T mutant showed no change in DVD coordination to Mn(2+). Instead a critical residue, Met-266, which is responsible for determining donor specificity, had adopted alternate conformations. The conformation with the highest occupancy opens up the active site to accommodate the larger A-specific donor, UDP-GalNAc, accounting for the dual specificity.

Structural effects of naturally occurring human blood group B galactosyltransferase mutations adjacent to the DXD motif., Persson M, Letts JA, Hosseini-Maaf B, Borisova SN, Palcic MM, Evans SV, Olsson ML, J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 30;282(13):9564-70. Epub 2007 Jan 26. PMID:17259183

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

2o1f is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Persson M, Letts JA, Hosseini-Maaf B, Borisova SN, Palcic MM, Evans SV, Olsson ML. Structural effects of naturally occurring human blood group B galactosyltransferase mutations adjacent to the DXD motif. J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 30;282(13):9564-70. Epub 2007 Jan 26. PMID:17259183 doi:10.1074/jbc.M610998200

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)

OCA

Personal tools