Structure of EGFR in complex with hydrazone, a potent dual inhibitor
[EGFR_HUMAN] Defects in EGFR are associated with lung cancer (LNCR) [MIM:211980]. LNCR is a common malignancy affecting tissues of the lung. The most common form of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that can be divided into 3 major histologic subtypes: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell lung cancer. NSCLC is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and has a poor prognosis.
[EGFR_HUMAN] Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses. Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF. Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules. May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade. Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin.             Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.            
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Members of a novel class of 4-amino-6-arylamino-pyrimidine-5-carbaldehyde hydrazones were identified as potent dual ErbB-2/EGFR kinase inhibitors using concept-guided design approach. These compounds inhibited the growth of ErbB-2 over-expressing human tumor cell lines (BT474, N87, and SK-BR-3) in vitro. Compound 15 emerged as a key lead and showed significant ability to inhibit growth factor-induced receptor phosphorylation in SK-BR-3 cells (IC(50)=54 nM) and cellular proliferation in vitro (IC(50)=14, 58, and 58 nM for BT474, N87, and SK-BR-3 respectively). The X-ray co-crystal structure of EGFR with a close analog (17) was determined and validated our design rationale.
4-Amino-6-arylamino-pyrimidine-5-carbaldehyde hydrazones as potent ErbB-2/EGFR dual kinase inhibitors.,Xu G, Abad MC, Connolly PJ, Neeper MP, Struble GT, Springer BA, Emanuel SL, Pandey N, Gruninger RH, Adams M, Moreno-Mazza S, Fuentes-Pesquera AR, Middleton SA Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2008 Aug 15;18(16):4615-9. Epub 2008 Jul 10. PMID:18653333
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.