[ALBU_HUMAN] Defects in ALB are a cause of familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) [MIM:103600]. FDH is a form of euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia that is due to increased affinity of ALB for T(4). It is the most common cause of inherited euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia in Caucasian population.
[ALBU_HUMAN] Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc.
The previously determined crystal structure of the bacterial albumin-binding GA module in complex with human serum albumin (HSA) suggested the possibility of utilizing the complex in the study of ligand binding to HSA. As a continuation of these studies, the crystal structure of the HSA-GA complex with the drug molecule naproxen and the fatty acid decanoate bound to HSA has been determined to a resolution of 2.5 A. In terms of drug binding, the structure suggests that the binding of decanoate to the albumin molecule may play a role in making the haemin site in subdomain IB of the albumin molecule available for the binding of naproxen. In addition, structure comparisons with solved structures of HSA and of the HSA-GA complex show that the GA module is capable of binding to different conformations of HSA. The HSA-GA complex therefore emerges as a possible platform for the crystallographic study of specific HSA-drug interactions and of the influence exerted by the presence of fatty acids.
Structural basis for the binding of naproxen to human serum albumin in the presence of fatty acids and the GA module.,Lejon S, Cramer JF, Nordberg P Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2008 Feb 1;64(Pt, 2):64-9. Epub 2008 Jan 18. PMID:18259051
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
↑ Sunthornthepvarakul T, Angkeow P, Weiss RE, Hayashi Y, Refetoff S. An identical missense mutation in the albumin gene results in familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia in 8 unrelated families. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Jul 29;202(2):781-7. PMID:8048949
↑ Rushbrook JI, Becker E, Schussler GC, Divino CM. Identification of a human serum albumin species associated with familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Feb;80(2):461-7. PMID:7852505
↑ Wada N, Chiba H, Shimizu C, Kijima H, Kubo M, Koike T. A novel missense mutation in codon 218 of the albumin gene in a distinct phenotype of familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia in a Japanese kindred. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Oct;82(10):3246-50. PMID:9329347
↑ Lu J, Stewart AJ, Sadler PJ, Pinheiro TJ, Blindauer CA. Albumin as a zinc carrier: properties of its high-affinity zinc-binding site. Biochem Soc Trans. 2008 Dec;36(Pt 6):1317-21. doi: 10.1042/BST0361317. PMID:19021548 doi:10.1042/BST0361317
↑ Lejon S, Cramer JF, Nordberg P. Structural basis for the binding of naproxen to human serum albumin in the presence of fatty acids and the GA module. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2008 Feb 1;64(Pt, 2):64-9. Epub 2008 Jan 18. PMID:18259051 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S174430910706770X