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|2wzc, resolution 1.50Å ()|
|Ligands:||, , , ,|
THE CATALYTICALLY ACTIVE FULLY CLOSED CONFORMATION OF HUMAN PHOSPHOGLYCERATE KINASE IN COMPLEX WITH ADP, 3PG AND ALUMINIUM TETRAFLUORIDE
Transition state analogue (TSA) complexes formed by phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) have been used to test the hypothesis that balancing of charge within the transition state dominates enzyme-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer. High-resolution structures of trifluoromagnesate (MgF(3)(-)) and tetrafluoroaluminate (AlF(4)(-)) complexes of PGK have been determined using X-ray crystallography and (19)F-based NMR methods, revealing the nature of the catalytically relevant state of this archetypal metabolic kinase. Importantly, the side chain of K219, which coordinates the alpha-phosphate group in previous ground state structures, is sequestered into coordinating the metal fluoride, thereby creating a charge environment complementary to the transferring phosphoryl group. In line with the dominance of charge balance in transition state organization, the substitution K219A induces a corresponding reduction in charge in the bound aluminum fluoride species, which changes to a trifluoroaluminate (AlF(3)(0)) complex. The AlF(3)(0) moiety retains the octahedral geometry observed within AlF(4)(-) TSA complexes, which endorses the proposal that some of the widely reported trigonal AlF(3)(0) complexes of phosphoryl transfer enzymes may have been misassigned and in reality contain MgF(3)(-).
Transition State Analogue Structures of Human Phosphoglycerate Kinase Establish the Importance of Charge Balance in Catalysis., Cliff MJ, Bowler MW, Varga A, Marston JP, Szabo J, Hounslow AM, Baxter NJ, Blackburn GM, Vas M, Waltho JP, J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Apr 19. PMID:20397725
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[PGK1_HUMAN] Defects in PGK1 are the cause of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 deficiency (PGK1D) [MIM:300653]. It is a condition with a highly variable clinical phenotype that includes hemolytic anemia, rhabdomyolysis, myopathy and neurologic involvement. Patients can express one or more of these manifestations.
[PGK1_HUMAN] In addition to its role as a glycolytic enzyme, it seems that PGK-1 acts as a polymerase alpha cofactor protein (primer recognition protein).
About this Structure
- Cliff MJ, Bowler MW, Varga A, Marston JP, Szabo J, Hounslow AM, Baxter NJ, Blackburn GM, Vas M, Waltho JP. Transition State Analogue Structures of Human Phosphoglycerate Kinase Establish the Importance of Charge Balance in Catalysis. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Apr 19. PMID:20397725 doi:10.1021/ja100974t
- ↑ Yoshida A, Twele TW, Dave V, Beutler E. Molecular abnormality of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK-Alabama). Blood Cells Mol Dis. 1995;21(3):179-81. PMID:8673469 doi:S1079-9796(85)70020-4
- ↑ Cohen-Solal M, Valentin C, Plassa F, Guillemin G, Danze F, Jaisson F, Rosa R. Identification of new mutations in two phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) variants expressing different clinical syndromes: PGK Creteil and PGK Amiens. Blood. 1994 Aug 1;84(3):898-903. PMID:8043870
- ↑ Ookawara T, Dave V, Willems P, Martin JJ, de Barsy T, Matthys E, Yoshida A. Retarded and aberrant splicings caused by single exon mutation in a phosphoglycerate kinase variant. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 Mar 1;327(1):35-40. PMID:8615693 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/abbi.1996.0089
- ↑ Valentin C, Birgens H, Craescu CT, Brodum-Nielsen K, Cohen-Solal M. A phosphoglycerate kinase mutant (PGK Herlev; D285V) in a Danish patient with isolated chronic hemolytic anemia: mechanism of mutation and structure-function relationships. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(4):280-7. PMID:9744480 doi:<280::AID-HUMU10>3.0.CO;2-V 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1004(1998)12:4<280::AID-HUMU10>3.0.CO;2-V
- ↑ Maeda M, Yoshida A. Molecular defect of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK-Matsue) associated with hemolytic anemia: Leu----Pro substitution caused by T/A----C/G transition in exon 3. Blood. 1991 Mar 15;77(6):1348-52. PMID:2001457
- ↑ Maeda M, Bawle EV, Kulkarni R, Beutler E, Yoshida A. Molecular abnormalities of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant generated by spontaneous mutation. Blood. 1992 May 15;79(10):2759-62. PMID:1586722
- ↑ Fujii H, Kanno H, Hirono A, Shiomura T, Miwa S. A single amino acid substitution (157 Gly----Val) in a phosphoglycerate kinase variant (PGK Shizuoka) associated with chronic hemolysis and myoglobinuria. Blood. 1992 Mar 15;79(6):1582-5. PMID:1547346
- ↑ Fujii H, Chen SH, Akatsuka J, Miwa S, Yoshida A. Use of cultured lymphoblastoid cells for the study of abnormal enzymes: molecular abnormality of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant associated with hemolytic anemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Apr;78(4):2587-90. PMID:6941312
- ↑ Fujii H, Yoshida A. Molecular abnormality of phosphoglycerate kinase-Uppsala associated with chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Sep;77(9):5461-5. PMID:6933565