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Crystal structure of Beta-glucosidase from Kluyveromyces marxianus in complex with glucose
Publication Abstract from PubMed
beta-Glucosidase from Kluyveromyces marxianus (KmBglI) belongs to the glycoside hydrolase family 3 (GH3). The enzyme is particularly unusual in that a PA14 domain (pf07691), for which a carbohydrate-binding role has been claimed, is inserted into the catalytic core sequence. Here, we determined the enzymatic properties and crystal structure of KmBglI in complex with glucose at 2.55 A resolution. A striking characteristics of KmBglI was that the enzyme activity is essentially limited to disaccharides, and when trisaccharides were used as the substrates the activity was drastically decreased. This chain length specificity is in sharp contrast to the preferred action on oligosaccharides of barley beta-D-glucan glucohydrolase (ExoI), which does not have a PA14 domain insertion. The structure of subsite (-1) of KmBglI is almost identical to that of Thermotoga neapolitana beta-glucosidase and is also similar to that of ExoI, however, the structures of subsite (+1) significantly differ among them. In KmBglI, the loops extending from the PA14 domain cover the catalytic pocket to form subsite (+1), and hence simultaneously become a steric hindrance that could limit the chain length of the substrates to be accommodated. Mutational studies demonstrated the critical role of the loop regions in determining the substrate specificity. The active site formation mediated by the PA14 domain of KmBglI invokes alpha-complementation of beta-galactosidase exerted by its N-terminal domain, to which the PA14 domain shows structural resemblance. This is the first study that reveals the structural basis of the interaction between the PA14 domain and a carbohydrate.
Role of a PA14 domain in determining substrate specificity of a glycoside hydrolase family 3 beta-glucosidase from Kluyveromyces marxianus.,Yoshida E, Hidaka M, Fushinobu S, Koyanagi T, Minami H, Tamaki H, Kitaoka M, Katayama T, Kumagai H Biochem J. 2010 Jul 27. PMID:20662765
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.