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|3azr, resolution 1.71Å ()|
|Gene:||TM_1751 (Thermotoga maritima MSB8)|
|Related:||3amc, 3amd, 3amg, 3aof, 3azs, 3azt|
Diverse Substrates Recognition Mechanism Revealed by Thermotoga maritima Cel5A Structures in Complex with Cellobiose
The hyperthermophilic endoglucanase Cel5A from Thermotoga maritima can find applications in lignocellulosic biofuel production, because it catalyzes the hydrolysis of glucan- and mannan-based polysaccharides. Here, we report the crystal structures in apo-form and in complex with three ligands, cellotetraose, cellobiose and mannotriose, at 1.29A to 2.40A resolution. The open carbohydrate-binding cavity which can accommodate oligosaccharide substrates with extensively branched chains explained the dual specificity of the enzyme. Combining our structural information and the previous kinetic data, it is suggested that this enzyme prefers beta-glucosyl and beta-mannosyl moieties at the reducing end and uses two conserved catalytic residues, E253 (nucleophile) and E136 (general acid/base), to hydrolyze the glycosidic bonds. Moreover, our results also suggest that the wide spectrum of Tm_Cel5A substrates might be due to the lack of steric hindrance around the C2-hydroxyl group of the glucose or mannose unit from active-site residues.
Diverse substrate recognition mechanism revealed by Thermotoga maritima Cel5A structures in complex with cellotetraose, cellobiose and mannotriose., Wu TH, Huang CH, Ko TP, Lai HL, Ma Y, Chen CC, Cheng YS, Liu JR, Guo RT, Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Dec;1814(12):1832-40. doi:, 10.1016/j.bbapap.2011.07.020. Epub 2011 Aug 4. PMID:21839861
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Wu TH, Huang CH, Ko TP, Lai HL, Ma Y, Chen CC, Cheng YS, Liu JR, Guo RT. Diverse substrate recognition mechanism revealed by Thermotoga maritima Cel5A structures in complex with cellotetraose, cellobiose and mannotriose. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Dec;1814(12):1832-40. doi:, 10.1016/j.bbapap.2011.07.020. Epub 2011 Aug 4. PMID:21839861 doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2011.07.020