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3hro

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3hro, resolution 1.90Å ()
Gene: PKD2 (Homo sapiens)
Related: 3hrn


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Crystal structure of a C-terminal coiled coil domain of Transient receptor potential (TRP) channel subfamily P member 2 (TRPP2, polycystic kidney disease 2)

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Mutations in PKD1 and TRPP2 account for nearly all cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). These 2 proteins form a receptor/ion channel complex on the cell surface. Using a combination of biochemistry, crystallography, and a single-molecule method to determine the subunit composition of proteins in the plasma membrane of live cells, we find that this complex contains 3 TRPP2 and 1 PKD1. A newly identified coiled-coil domain in the C terminus of TRPP2 is critical for the formation of this complex. This coiled-coil domain forms a homotrimer, in both solution and crystal structure, and binds to a single coiled-coil domain in the C terminus of PKD1. Mutations that disrupt the TRPP2 coiled-coil domain trimer abolish the assembly of both the full-length TRPP2 trimer and the TRPP2/PKD1 complex and diminish the surface expression of both proteins. These results have significant implications for the assembly, regulation, and function of the TRPP2/PKD1 complex and the pathogenic mechanism of some ADPKD-producing mutations.

Structural and molecular basis of the assembly of the TRPP2/PKD1 complex., Yu Y, Ulbrich MH, Li MH, Buraei Z, Chen XZ, Ong AC, Tong L, Isacoff EY, Yang J, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 14;106(28):11558-63. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PMID:19556541

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[PKD2_HUMAN] Defects in PKD2 are the cause of polycystic kidney disease 2 (PKD2) [MIM:613095]. PKD2 is a disorder characterized by progressive formation and enlargement of cysts in both kidneys, typically leading to end-stage renal disease in adult life. Cysts also occurs in the liver and other organs. It represents approximately 15% of the cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. PKD2 is clinically milder than PKD1 but it has a deleterious impact on overall life expectancy.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Function

[PKD2_HUMAN] Involved in fluid-flow mechanosensation by the primary cilium in renal epithelium (By similarity). PKD1 and PKD2 may function through a common signaling pathway that is necessary for normal tubulogenesis (By similarity). Acts as a regulator of cilium length, together with PKD1 (By similarity). The dynamic control of cilium length is essential in the regulation of mechanotransductive signaling. The cilium length response creates a negative feedback loop whereby fluid shear-mediated deflection of the primary cilium, which decreases intracellular cAMP, leads to cilium shortening and thus decreases flow-induced signaling (By similarity). Functions as a calcium permeable cation channel.

About this Structure

3hro is a 1 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Yu Y, Ulbrich MH, Li MH, Buraei Z, Chen XZ, Ong AC, Tong L, Isacoff EY, Yang J. Structural and molecular basis of the assembly of the TRPP2/PKD1 complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 14;106(28):11558-63. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PMID:19556541
  1. Veldhuisen B, Saris JJ, de Haij S, Hayashi T, Reynolds DM, Mochizuki T, Elles R, Fossdal R, Bogdanova N, van Dijk MA, Coto E, Ravine D, Norby S, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Breuning MH, Somlo S, Peters DJ. A spectrum of mutations in the second gene for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD2). Am J Hum Genet. 1997 Sep;61(3):547-55. PMID:9326320
  2. Reynolds DM, Hayashi T, Cai Y, Veldhuisen B, Watnick TJ, Lens XM, Mochizuki T, Qian F, Maeda Y, Li L, Fossdal R, Coto E, Wu G, Breuning MH, Germino GG, Peters DJ, Somlo S. Aberrant splicing in the PKD2 gene as a cause of polycystic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1999 Nov;10(11):2342-51. PMID:10541293
  3. Torra R, Viribay M, Telleria D, Badenas C, Watson M, Harris P, Darnell A, San Millan JL. Seven novel mutations of the PKD2 gene in families with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 1999 Jul;56(1):28-33. PMID:10411676 doi:kid534
  4. Watnick T, He N, Wang K, Liang Y, Parfrey P, Hefferton D, St George-Hyslop P, Germino G, Pei Y. Mutations of PKD1 in ADPKD2 cysts suggest a pathogenic effect of trans-heterozygous mutations. Nat Genet. 2000 Jun;25(2):143-4. PMID:10835625 doi:10.1038/75981
  5. Reiterova J, Stekrova J, Peters DJ, Kapras J, Kohoutova M, Merta M, Zidovska J. Four novel mutations of the PKD2 gene in Czech families with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Hum Mutat. 2002 May;19(5):573. PMID:11968093 doi:10.1002/humu.9035
  6. Magistroni R, He N, Wang K, Andrew R, Johnson A, Gabow P, Dicks E, Parfrey P, Torra R, San-Millan JL, Coto E, Van Dijk M, Breuning M, Peters D, Bogdanova N, Ligabue G, Albertazzi A, Hateboer N, Demetriou K, Pierides A, Deltas C, St George-Hyslop P, Ravine D, Pei Y. Genotype-renal function correlation in type 2 autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 May;14(5):1164-74. PMID:12707387
  7. Stekrova J, Reiterova J, Merta M, Damborsky J, Zidovska J, Kebrdlova V, Kohoutova M. PKD2 mutations in a Czech population with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 May;19(5):1116-22. Epub 2004 Feb 19. PMID:14993477 doi:10.1093/ndt/gfh083
  8. Peltola P, Lumiaho A, Miettinen R, Pihlajamaki J, Sandford R, Laakso M. Genetics and phenotypic characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Finns. J Mol Med (Berl). 2005 Aug;83(8):638-46. Epub 2005 Mar 17. PMID:15772804 doi:10.1007/s00109-005-0644-6
  9. Hoefele J, Mayer K, Scholz M, Klein HG. Novel PKD1 and PKD2 mutations in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011 Jul;26(7):2181-8. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfq720. Epub, 2010 Nov 29. PMID:21115670 doi:10.1093/ndt/gfq720

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