Crystal structure of the catalytic domain of TACE with Isoindolinone-biphenyl-hydantoin inhibitor
[ADA17_HUMAN] Defects in ADAM17 are a cause of neonatal inflammatory skin and bowel disease (NISBD) [MIM:614328]. NISBD is a disorder characterized by inflammatory features with neonatal onset, involving the skin, hair, and gut. The skin lesions involve perioral and perianal erythema, psoriasiform erythroderma, with flares of erythema, scaling, and widespread pustules. Gastrointestinal symptoms include malabsorptive diarrhea that is exacerbated by intercurrent gastrointestinal infections. The hair is short or broken, and the eyelashes and eyebrows are wiry and disorganized.
[ADA17_HUMAN] Cleaves the membrane-bound precursor of TNF-alpha to its mature soluble form. Responsible for the proteolytical release of soluble JAM3 from endothelial cells surface. Responsible for the proteolytic release of several other cell-surface proteins, including p75 TNF-receptor, interleukin 1 receptor type II, p55 TNF-receptor, transforming growth factor-alpha, L-selectin, growth hormone receptor, MUC1 and the amyloid precursor protein. Also involved in the activation of Notch pathway (By similarity). 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
We disclose further optimization of hydantoin TNF-alpha convertase enzyme (TACE) inhibitors. SAR with respect to the non-prime region of TACE active site was explored. A series of biaryl substituted hydantoin compounds was shown to have sub-nanomolar K(i), good rat PK, and good selectivity versus MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -9, and -13.
Biaryl substituted hydantoin compounds as TACE inhibitors.,Yu W, Tong L, Kim SH, Wong MK, Chen L, Yang DY, Shankar BB, Lavey BJ, Zhou G, Kosinski A, Rizvi R, Li D, Feltz RJ, Piwinski JJ, Rosner KE, Shih NY, Siddiqui MA, Guo Z, Orth P, Shah H, Sun J, Umland S, Lundell DJ, Niu X, Kozlowski JA Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Sep 1;20(17):5286-9. Epub 2010 Jul 1. PMID:20663669
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.