3mxy

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3mxy, resolution 2.30Å ()
Non-Standard Residues:
Gene: GRB2, ASH (Homo sapiens)
Related: 3mxc, 3kfj, 1jyr, 1jyq


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Structures of Grb2-SH2 Domain and AICD peptide Complexes Reveal a Conformational Switch and Their Functional Implications.

Publication Abstract from PubMed

It has been hypothesized previously that synergistic effect of both amyloid precursor protein intracellular C-terminal domain (AICD) and Abeta aggregation could contribute to Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Structural studies of AICD have found no stable globular fold over a broad range of pH. Present work is based on the premises that a conformational switch involving the flipping of C-terminal helix of AICD would be essential for effective binding with the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of growth factor receptor binding protein-2 (Grb2) and subsequent initiation of Grb2-mediated endo-lysosomal pathway. High-resolution crystal structures of Grb2-SH2 domain bound to AICD peptides reveal a unique mode of binding where the peptides assume a noncanonical conformation that is unlike other structures of AICD peptides bound to protein-tyrosine-binding domains or that of its free state; rather, a flipping of the C-terminal helix of AICD is evident. The involvement of different AICD residues in Grb2-SH2 interaction is further elucidated through fluorescence-based assays. Our results reveal the significance of a specific interaction of the two molecules to optimize the rapid transport of AICD inside endosomal vesicles presumably to reduce the cytotoxic load.

Functional Implications of the Conformational Switch in AICD Peptide upon Binding to Grb2-SH2 Domain., Das S, Raychaudhuri M, Sen U, Mukhopadhyay D, J Mol Biol. 2011 Oct 4. PMID:22001015

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Function

[GRB2_HUMAN] Adapter protein that provides a critical link between cell surface growth factor receptors and the Ras signaling pathway.[1][2][3] Isoform 2 does not bind to phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) but inhibits EGF-induced transactivation of a RAS-responsive element. Isoform 2 acts as a dominant negative protein over GRB2 and by suppressing proliferative signals, may trigger active programmed cell death.[4][5][6]

About this Structure

3mxy is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Das S, Raychaudhuri M, Sen U, Mukhopadhyay D. Functional Implications of the Conformational Switch in AICD Peptide upon Binding to Grb2-SH2 Domain. J Mol Biol. 2011 Oct 4. PMID:22001015 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2011.09.046
  1. Lowenstein EJ, Daly RJ, Batzer AG, Li W, Margolis B, Lammers R, Ullrich A, Skolnik EY, Bar-Sagi D, Schlessinger J. The SH2 and SH3 domain-containing protein GRB2 links receptor tyrosine kinases to ras signaling. Cell. 1992 Aug 7;70(3):431-42. PMID:1322798
  2. Fath I, Schweighoffer F, Rey I, Multon MC, Boiziau J, Duchesne M, Tocque B. Cloning of a Grb2 isoform with apoptotic properties. Science. 1994 May 13;264(5161):971-4. PMID:8178156
  3. Pao-Chun L, Chan PM, Chan W, Manser E. Cytoplasmic ACK1 interaction with multiple receptor tyrosine kinases is mediated by Grb2: an analysis of ACK1 effects on Axl signaling. J Biol Chem. 2009 Dec 11;284(50):34954-63. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.072660. Epub, 2009 Oct 8. PMID:19815557 doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.072660
  4. Lowenstein EJ, Daly RJ, Batzer AG, Li W, Margolis B, Lammers R, Ullrich A, Skolnik EY, Bar-Sagi D, Schlessinger J. The SH2 and SH3 domain-containing protein GRB2 links receptor tyrosine kinases to ras signaling. Cell. 1992 Aug 7;70(3):431-42. PMID:1322798
  5. Fath I, Schweighoffer F, Rey I, Multon MC, Boiziau J, Duchesne M, Tocque B. Cloning of a Grb2 isoform with apoptotic properties. Science. 1994 May 13;264(5161):971-4. PMID:8178156
  6. Pao-Chun L, Chan PM, Chan W, Manser E. Cytoplasmic ACK1 interaction with multiple receptor tyrosine kinases is mediated by Grb2: an analysis of ACK1 effects on Axl signaling. J Biol Chem. 2009 Dec 11;284(50):34954-63. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.072660. Epub, 2009 Oct 8. PMID:19815557 doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.072660

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