Crystal structure of catalytic domain of TACE with 2-(2-Aminothiazol-4-yl)pyrrolidine-Based Tartrate Diamides
[ADA17_HUMAN] Defects in ADAM17 are a cause of neonatal inflammatory skin and bowel disease (NISBD) [MIM:614328]. NISBD is a disorder characterized by inflammatory features with neonatal onset, involving the skin, hair, and gut. The skin lesions involve perioral and perianal erythema, psoriasiform erythroderma, with flares of erythema, scaling, and widespread pustules. Gastrointestinal symptoms include malabsorptive diarrhea that is exacerbated by intercurrent gastrointestinal infections. The hair is short or broken, and the eyelashes and eyebrows are wiry and disorganized.
[ADA17_HUMAN] Cleaves the membrane-bound precursor of TNF-alpha to its mature soluble form. Responsible for the proteolytical release of soluble JAM3 from endothelial cells surface. Responsible for the proteolytic release of several other cell-surface proteins, including p75 TNF-receptor, interleukin 1 receptor type II, p55 TNF-receptor, transforming growth factor-alpha, L-selectin, growth hormone receptor, MUC1 and the amyloid precursor protein. Also involved in the activation of Notch pathway (By similarity). 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) inhibitors are promising agents to treat inflammatory disorders and cancer. We have investigated novel tartrate diamide TACE inhibitors where the tartrate core binds to zinc in a unique tridentate fashion. Incorporating (R)-2-(2-N-alkylaminothiazol-4-yl)pyrrolidines into the left hand side amide of the tartrate scaffold led to the discovery of potent and selective TACE inhibitors, some of which exhibited good rat oral bioavailability.
2-(2-Aminothiazol-4-yl)pyrrolidine-based tartrate diamides as potent, selective and orally bioavailable TACE inhibitors.,Dai C, Li D, Popovici-Muller J, Zhao L, Girijavallabhan VM, Rosner KE, Lavey BJ, Rizvi R, Shankar BB, Wong MK, Guo Z, Orth P, Strickland CO, Sun J, Niu X, Chen S, Kozlowski JA, Lundell DJ, Piwinski JJ, Shih NY, Siddiqui MA Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2011 Jan 6. PMID:21458257
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.