4gkk

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4gkk, resolution 3.20Å ()
Ligands: , ,
Non-Standard Residues: ,
Related: 3t1y, 2kry, 2uuc


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Structure of the Thermus thermophilus 30S ribosomal subunit complexed with a human mitochondrial anticodon stem loop (ASL) of transfer RNA Methionine (TRNAMET) bound to an mRNA with an AUA-codon in the A-site and paromomycin

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Codon use among the three domains of life is not confined to the universal genetic code. With only 22 tRNA genes in mammalian mitochondria, exceptions from the universal code are necessary for proper translation. A particularly interesting deviation is the decoding of the isoleucine AUA codon as methionine by the one mitochondrial-encoded tRNAMet. This tRNA decodes AUA and AUG in both the A- and P-sites of the metazoan mitochondrial ribosome. Enrichment of posttranscriptional modifications is a commonly appropriated mechanism for modulating decoding rules, enabling some tRNA functions while restraining others. In this case, a modification of cytidine, 5-formylcytidine (f5C), at the wobble position-34 of human mitochondrial () enables expanded decoding of AUA, resulting in a deviation in the genetic code. Visualization of the codon*anticodon interaction by X-ray crystallography revealed that recognition of both A and G at the third position of the codon occurs in the canonical Watson-Crick geometry. A modification-dependent shift in the tautomeric equilibrium toward the rare imino-oxo tautomer of cytidine stabilizes the f5C34*A base pair geometry with two hydrogen bonds.

Expanded use of sense codons is regulated by modified cytidines in tRNA., Cantara WA, Murphy FV 4th, Demirci H, Agris PF, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 18. PMID:23781103

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Function

[RS11_THET8] Located on the upper part of the platform of the 30S subunit, where it bridges several disparate RNA helices of the 16S rRNA. Forms part of the Shine-Dalgarno cleft in the 70S ribosome, where it interacts both with the Shine-Dalgarno helix and mRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01310] [RSHX_THET8] Binds at the top of the head of the 30S subunit. It stabilizes a number of different RNA elements and thus is important for subunit structure. [RS7_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 3'-end of the 16S rRNA where it nucleates assembly of the head domain of the 30S subunit. Is located at the subunit interface close to the decoding center. Binds mRNA and the E site tRNA blocking its exit path in the ribosome. This blockage implies that this section of the ribosome must be able to move to release the deacetylated tRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00480_B] [RS2_THET8] Spans the head-body hinge region of the 30S subunit. Is loosely associated with the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00291_B] [RS17_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the platform and body of the 30S subunit by bringing together and stabilizing interactions between several different RNA helices. The combined cluster of proteins S8, S12 and S17 appears to hold together the shoulder and platform of the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01345] Deletion of the protein leads to an increased generation time and a temperature-sensitive phenotype.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01345] [RS18_THET8] Located on the back of the platform of the 30S subunit where it stabilizes the close packing of several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA. Forms part of the Shine-Dalgarno cleft in the 70S ribosome, where it probably interacts with the Shine-Dalgarno helix.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00270] [RS13_THET8] Located at the top of the head of the 30S subunit, it contacts several helices of the 16S rRNA. In the 70S ribosome structure it contacts the 23S rRNA (bridge B1a) and protein L5 of the 50S subunit (bridge B1b), connecting the top of the two subunits; these bridges are in contact with the A site and P site tRNAs respectively and are implicated in movement during ribosome translocation. Separately contacts the tRNAs in the A and P sites.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01315] [RS16_THET8] Binds to the lower part of the body of the 30S subunit, where it stabilizes two of its domains.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00385] [RS6_THET8] Located on the outer edge of the platform on the body of the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00360] [RS3_THET8] Binds the lower part of the 30S subunit head. Binds mRNA in the 70S ribosome, positioning it for translation.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01309_B] [RS9_THET8] Part of the top of the head of the 30S subunit. The C-terminal region penetrates the head emerging in the P-site where it contacts tRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00532_B] [RS12_THET8] With S4 and S5 plays an important role in translational accuracy (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00403_B] Interacts with and stabilizes bases of the 16S rRNA that are involved in tRNA selection in the A site and with the mRNA backbone. Located at the interface of the 30S and 50S subunits, it traverses the body of the 30S subunit contacting proteins on the other side and probably holding the rRNA structure together. The combined cluster of proteins S8, S12 and S17 appears to hold together the shoulder and platform of the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00403_B] [RS14Z_THET8] Required for the assembly of 30S particles and may also be responsible for determining the conformation of the 16S rRNA at the A site (By similarity). Binds 16S rRNA in center of the 30S subunit head.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01364_B] [RS15_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the platform of the 30S subunit by binding and bridging several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01343] Forms an intersubunit bridge (bridge B4) with the 23S rRNA of the 50S subunit in the ribosome.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01343] [RS20_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it nucleates assembly of the bottom of the body of the 30S subunit, by binding to several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00500] [RS8_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the platform of the 30S subunit central domain. The combined cluster of proteins S8, S12 and S17 appears to hold together the shoulder and platform of the 30S subunit.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01302_B] [RS4_THET8] One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the body and platform of the 30S subunit. Binds mRNA in the 70S ribosome, positioning it for translation.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01306_B] [RS10_THET8] Part of the top of the 30S subunit head.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00508] [RS19_THET8] Located at the top of the head of the 30S subunit, extending towards the 50S subunit, which it may contact in the 70S complex. Contacts several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00531] [RS5_THET8] With S4 and S12 plays an important role in translational accuracy (By similarity).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01307_B] Located at the back of the 30S subunit body where it stabilizes the conformation of the head with respect to the body. Binds mRNA in the 70S ribosome, positioning it for translation.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_01307_B]

About this Structure

4gkk is a 23 chain structure with sequence from Thermus thermophilus. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Cantara WA, Murphy FV 4th, Demirci H, Agris PF. Expanded use of sense codons is regulated by modified cytidines in tRNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 18. PMID:23781103 doi:10.1073/pnas.1222641110

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