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As life is more than 2D, Proteopedia helps to bridge the gap between 3D structure & function of biomacromolecules

Proteopedia presents this information in a user-friendly way as a collaborative & free 3D-encyclopedia of proteins & other biomolecules.


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BREAKTHROUGH in protein structure prediction!

by Eric Martz
After decades of slow progress by many groups, in 2020, AlphaFold2 proved able to accurately predict the detailed structures of two-thirds of single protein domains from their amino acid sequences. Pictured is AlphaFold2's prediction for the ORF8 protein of SARS-CoV-2 (black), compared with a subsequently published X-ray crystallographic structure (colors). ORF8 contributes to virulence in COVID-19. >>> Visit this page >>>

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Interconversion of the specificities of human lysosomal enzymes associated with Fabry and Schindler diseases.

IB Tomasic, MC Metcalf, AI Guce, NE Clark, SC Garman. J. Biol. Chem. 2010 doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.118588
The human lysosomal enzymes α-galactosidase and α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase share 46% amino acid sequence identity and have similar folds. Using a rational protein engineering approach, we interconverted the enzymatic specificity of α-GAL and α-NAGAL. The engineered α-GAL retains the antigenicity but has acquired the enzymatic specificity of α-NAGAL. Conversely, the engineered α-NAGAL retains the antigenicity but has acquired the enzymatic specificity of the α-GAL enzyme. Comparison of the crystal structures of the designed enzyme to the wild-type enzymes shows that active sites superimpose well, indicating success of the rational design. The designed enzymes might be useful as non-immunogenic alternatives in enzyme replacement therapy for treatment of lysosomal storage disorders such as Fabry disease.

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Tutorial: How do we get the oxygen we breathe

J Prilusky, E Hodis doi: 10.14576/431679.1869588
This tutorial is designed for high school and beginning college students. When we breathe oxygen from the air is taken up by blood in our lungs and soon delivered to each of the cells in our body through our circulatory system. Among other uses, our cells use oxygen as the final electron acceptor in a process called aerobic respiration – a process that converts the energy in food and nutrients into a form of energy that the cell can readily use (molecules of ATP, adenosine triphosphate).

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