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An ATPase, Human RuvB-like 1 dodecamer complex with ADP (PDB code 2c9o)

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3D Printed Physical Model of ATP Synthase

Shown below is a 3D printed physical model of the Respiration Electron Transport Chain. Complex I is colored red, complex II is purple, complex III is green, complex IV is blue and the atp synthase protein is colored orange, yellow and red.

The MSOE Center for BioMolecular Modeling

The MSOE Center for BioMolecular Modeling uses 3D printing technology to create physical models of protein and molecular structures, making the invisible molecular world more tangible and comprehensible. To view more protein structure models, visit our Model Gallery.

3D Structures of ATPase

ATPase 3D structures


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  2. Neupane P, Bhuju S, Thapa N, Bhattarai HK. ATP Synthase: Structure, Function and Inhibition. Biomol Concepts. 2019 Mar 7;10(1):1-10. doi: 10.1515/bmc-2019-0001. PMID:30888962 doi:
  3. Abrahams JP, Leslie AG, Lutter R, Walker JE. Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria. Nature. 1994 Aug 25;370(6491):621-8. PMID:8065448 doi:
  4. Chan H, Babayan V, Blyumin E, Gandhi C, Hak K, Harake D, Kumar K, Lee P, Li TT, Liu HY, Lo TC, Meyer CJ, Stanford S, Zamora KS, Saier MH Jr. The p-type ATPase superfamily. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;19(1-2):5-104. doi: 10.1159/000319588. Epub 2010, Oct 20. PMID:20962537 doi:
  5. Plesner L. Ecto-ATPases: identities and functions. Int Rev Cytol. 1995;158:141-214. doi: 10.1016/s0074-7696(08)62487-0. PMID:7721538 doi:
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