The Structure of PI3K

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Structure of PI3K

Class I PI3Ks, which are tightly regulated by tyrosine kinases, are composed of an 85kDa regulatory/adapter subunit (p85) and a 110kDa catalytic subunit (p110). [1]

Adapter Subunit

Structure of PI3K p110, (3hhm)

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Additional Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Hoedemaeker FJ, Siegal G, Roe SM, Driscoll PC, Abrahams JP. Crystal structure of the C-terminal SH2 domain of the p85alpha regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase: an SH2 domain mimicking its own substrate. J Mol Biol. 1999 Oct 1;292(4):763-70. PMID:10525402 doi:
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Wymann MP, Pirola L. Structure and function of phosphoinositide 3-kinases. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Dec 8;1436(1-2):127-50. PMID:9838078
  3. Otsu M, Hiles I, Gout I, Fry MJ, Ruiz-Larrea F, Panayotou G, Thompson A, Dhand R, Hsuan J, Totty N, et al.. Characterization of two 85 kd proteins that associate with receptor tyrosine kinases, middle-T/pp60c-src complexes, and PI3-kinase. Cell. 1991 Apr 5;65(1):91-104. PMID:1707345
  4. 4.0 4.1 Batra-Safferling R, Granzin J, Modder S, Hoffmann S, Willbold D. Structural studies of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) SH3 domain in complex with a peptide ligand: role of the anchor residue in ligand binding. Biol Chem. 2010 Jan;391(1):33-42. PMID:19919182 doi:10.1515/BC.2010.003
  5. Koch CA, Anderson D, Moran MF, Ellis C, Pawson T. SH2 and SH3 domains: elements that control interactions of cytoplasmic signaling proteins. Science. 1991 May 3;252(5006):668-74. PMID:1708916
  6. Dombrosky-Ferlan PM, Corey SJ. Yeast two-hybrid in vivo association of the Src kinase Lyn with the proto-oncogene product Cbl but not with the p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase. Oncogene. 1997 May 1;14(17):2019-24. PMID:9160881 doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1201031
  7. Weber T, Schaffhausen B, Liu Y, Gunther UL. NMR structure of the N-SH2 of the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase complexed to a doubly phosphorylated peptide reveals a second phosphotyrosine binding site. Biochemistry. 2000 Dec 26;39(51):15860-9. PMID:11123912
  8. Miled N, Yan Y, Hon WC, Perisic O, Zvelebil M, Inbar Y, Schneidman-Duhovny D, Wolfson HJ, Backer JM, Williams RL. Mechanism of two classes of cancer mutations in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase catalytic subunit. Science. 2007 Jul 13;317(5835):239-42. PMID:17626883 doi:317/5835/239
  9. Nolte RT, Eck MJ, Schlessinger J, Shoelson SE, Harrison SC. Crystal structure of the PI 3-kinase p85 amino-terminal SH2 domain and its phosphopeptide complexes. Nat Struct Biol. 1996 Apr;3(4):364-74. PMID:8599763
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Mandelker D, Gabelli SB, Schmidt-Kittler O, Zhu J, Cheong I, Huang CH, Kinzler KW, Vogelstein B, Amzel LM. A frequent kinase domain mutation that changes the interaction between PI3Kalpha and the membrane. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Oct 6;106(40):16996-7001. Epub 2009 Sep 23. PMID:19805105
  11. Dhand R, Hiles I, Panayotou G, Roche S, Fry MJ, Gout I, Totty NF, Truong O, Vicendo P, Yonezawa K, et al.. PI 3-kinase is a dual specificity enzyme: autoregulation by an intrinsic protein-serine kinase activity. EMBO J. 1994 Feb 1;13(3):522-33. PMID:8313897
  12. von Willebrand M, Williams S, Saxena M, Gilman J, Tailor P, Jascur T, Amarante-Mendes GP, Green DR, Mustelin T. Modification of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase SH2 domain binding properties by Abl- or Lck-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation at Tyr-688. J Biol Chem. 1998 Feb 13;273(7):3994-4000. PMID:9461588
  13. 13.0 13.1 Walker EH, Perisic O, Ried C, Stephens L, Williams RL. Structural insights into phosphoinositide 3-kinase catalysis and signalling. Nature. 1999 Nov 18;402(6759):313-20. PMID:10580505 doi:10.1038/46319

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