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Solved Structure of S100A16

Structural characterization of human S100A16, a low-affinity calcium binder

Elena Babini • Ivano Bertini • Valentina Borsi • Vito Calderone • Xiaoyu Hu • Claudio Luchinat • Giacomo Parigi[1]

Molecular Tour
S100A16 is a special member of the S100 class of calcium binding proteins, because it much smaller than experienced by most S100 proteins. This was observed after determination of the solution structures of apo and and the . The likely reason for minimal conformational change is the lower calcium binding affinity and stronger between with respect to other S100 proteins. Another characteristic of is that the helix IV has the same length in and because of in helix IV. Based on the available structures of S100 members, we analyzed and summarized all their conformational changes due to calcium(II) binding by a principal component analysis. was proved by both NMR titration and Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) experiments. Even if the in the last position of first EF-hand calcium binding loop , these experimental data indicated that S100A16 can still bind one calcium(II) ion in such loop. NMR relaxation are the most . Although the biological function of S100A16 is still unclear yet, these structural and dynamic properties can provide useful information for further functional studies.

  1. Babini E, Bertini I, Borsi V, Calderone V, Hu X, Luchinat C, Parigi G. Structural characterization of human S100A16, a low-affinity calcium binder. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2010 Nov 3. PMID:21046186 doi:10.1007/s00775-010-0721-3

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